Egyptian construction, epitomized by Ch. Chipiez.
This woodcut shows the arrangement of supports, architraves and roof. These simple arrangements constitute a complete system of construction which, belonging exclusively to Egypt, has had results upon which we cannot too strongly insist. Both roof and architraves being horizontal, all the pressure upon the walls is vertical. There is no force tending to thrust the walls outwards nor to affect the immobility of the supports.
From A History of Art in Ancient Egypt, Vol. I by Georges Perrot and Charles Chipiez (1883).