Glazed Wall Panel from Fort Shalmaneser


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 08 April 2019
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This large wall panel of vibrant glazed bricks was once placed above the entrance to a vast room (T3) next to Shalmaneser III's throne room at Fort Shalmaneser in Nimrud (in modern-day Nineveh Governorate, Iraq). The whole panel is composed of about 300 bricks and is 407 cm in height and 291 cm in width. There are two central scenes. The upper one shows two rampant bulls flanking the scared tree. The lower one depicts two images of Shalmaneser III, facing each other. The king wears a ceremonial dress and holds a mace in his left hand while the right hand is in a prayer gesture. Above the king, the god Assur rises from the middle of a winged solar disc. There are cuneiform inscriptions narrating the king's genealogy and the text separates the two scenes. During the ransacking of the Iraq Museum in April 2003 CE, this panel remained intact and safe from vandalizing. Reign of Shalmaneser III, 858-824 BCE. It is on display at the Assyrian Gallery in the Iraq Museum in Baghdad, Republic of Iraq.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2019, April 08). Glazed Wall Panel from Fort Shalmaneser. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Glazed Wall Panel from Fort Shalmaneser." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 08, 2019.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Glazed Wall Panel from Fort Shalmaneser." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 08 Apr 2019. Web. 21 Jan 2021.

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