Greek Artist's Signature

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 19 February 2019

The sculptor's signature, written in Greek, can be seen on the base (left) of this marble statue. The text reads "Antoninus Alexandreus, son of Antiochos, made this [statue] by himself". The statue may be of Apollo or a muse. The name Antoninus Alexandreus appears in another inscription found in Jerash which can be dated back to the last two decades of the 2nd century CE. The Greek name Alexandreus and his father Antiochos, as well as the technique of the statue, might indicate that he was a Greek citizen who lived in the Province of Arabia. His father, or one of his ancestors, had been a freedman of a Roman named Antoninus because freedmen assumed the family name of their former masters. Maybe he was a freedman of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius or Commodus himself. Roman period, 75-100 CE. From Jerash (Gerasa), Jordan. (The Jordan Museum, Amman, Jordan).

About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2019, February 19). Greek Artist's Signature. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Greek Artist's Signature." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 19, 2019.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Greek Artist's Signature." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Feb 2019. Web. 24 Apr 2019.

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