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Augustus' Political, Social, & Moral Reforms
Article by Steven Fife

Augustus' Political, Social, & Moral Reforms

Augustus is well known for being the first Emperor of Rome, but even more than that, for being a self-proclaimed “Restorer of the Republic.” He believed in ancestral values such as monogamy, chastity, and piety (virtue). Thus...
The Myth of Etana
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Myth of Etana

The Myth of Etana is the story of the Sumerian antediluvian King of Kish who ascends to heaven on an eagle to request the Plant of Birth from the gods so that he might have a son. Etana is named as the first king of Kish in the Sumerian King...
Temple of Vesta/Hercules, Rome
Article by Mark Cartwright

Temple of Vesta/Hercules, Rome

The Temple of Vesta is the popular name given to the round temple near the Tiber River in Rome (now Piazza Bocca della Veritá). The association with Vesta is due to the shape of the building but in fact it is not known to which god...
Cradles of Civilization - Sargon of Akkad
Video by DrDavidNeiman

Cradles of Civilization - Sargon of Akkad

In the fifth part of his lecture, Dr. Neiman explains that as the writing system developed, the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations start describing their world. The autobiography of the Akkadian King Sargon of Akkad is recounted.
Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
Video by Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

Lamassu (winged human-headed bulls possibly lamassu or shedu) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq), Neo-Assyrian, c. 720-705 B.C.E., gypseous alabaster, 4.20 x 4.36 x 0.97 m, excavated by P.-E. Botta 1843-44...
Sargon II Wall Relief
Image by Jastrow

Sargon II Wall Relief

Sargon II and dignitary on a low-relief from the left wall of the palace of Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq), c. 716–713 BCE. Sargon II reigned 722-705 BCE and was one of the most important kings of the Neo-Assyrian...
Sargon II's Throne
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II's Throne

Two Assyrian servants carry what appears to the throne of King Sargon II. Traces of the original paint can be seen. Note the details of the throne. This alabaster bas-relief is part of a long tributary scene, where the Assyrian king, Sargon...
Inscription of the Birth of King Sargon of Akkad
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Inscription of the Birth of King Sargon of Akkad

This fragment of a clay tablet narrates in 17 lines of cuneiform inscription the origin of Sargon and recounts how as a baby he was found in a basket floating in a river. Sargon reigned from 2334-2279 BCE. From the library of Ashurbanipal...
Sargon II's Stele
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II's Stele

This basalt stele was found in Bamboula, Kition (modern Laranca, Cyprus) in 1845 CE. The cuneiform inscriptions on the frontal side of the stele commemorate Sargon's victories against Medes, Babylon, Syria, and Urartu. The king worships in...
Sargon II and Turtanu
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II and Turtanu

This almost 3 meters high alabaster bas-relief depicts the Assyrian king Sargon II (left; wearing the typical conical hat). Recognizable by the long sword hanging on his side, diadem, long curly beard, and the elegant dress, a figure greets...