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Map of the Battle of Gaugamela - Setup
Image by US Military Academy

Map of the Battle of Gaugamela - Setup

The opening of the battle of Gaugamela.
Behistun Inscription,  Column 1
Image by Friedrich von Spiegel

Behistun Inscription, Column 1

Behistun Inscription, Column 1 (DB I 1-15) Sketch: Fr. Spiegel, Die altpers. Keilinschriften, Leipzig
The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions

The Battle of Issus, Initial dispositions.
The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment

The Battle of Issus, the decisive moment.
The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield

The Battle of Issus, Movements to the battlefield.
The Persians: Lost Civilizations
Book Review by Geoffrey Parker

The Persians: Lost Civilizations

Iran tends to appear in Western media today only for negative press: conflicts in the Middle East always include speculation of Iran's involvement for or against the aggressor du jour. It is easy to forget that the people living in the...
Palace of Darius in Susa
Image by Carole Raddato

Palace of Darius in Susa

The foundations of the Palace of Darius the Great at Susa (Iran), the capital of Elam and of the Achaemenid Empire. The palace was built on a 12-hectare artificial platform and occupied 5 hectares. It consisted of the Apadana (audience hall...
The Apadana of the Palace of Darius in Susa
Image by Carole Raddato

The Apadana of the Palace of Darius in Susa

The Apadana (audience hall) of the Palace of Darius in Susa (Iran) was a large hypostyle room of 36 columns. Measuring 109 m on each side, it was very similar to that of Persepolis in plan and dimensions with distinctive Persian columns...
Battle of Issus
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Issus

The Battle of Issus, on 5 November 333 BCE, was Alexander the Great's second battle against the Persian army and the first direct engagement with King Darius III, near the village of Issus in southern modern-day Turkey...
Battle of Gaugamela
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Gaugamela

The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October 331 BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia. After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King...