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Jerusalem
Definition by Rebecca Denova

Jerusalem

Jerusalem is the capital of the modern nation of Israel and a major holy city for the three Western traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It sits on spurs of bedrock between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea area. To...
Ancient Syria
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Syria

Syria is a country located in the Middle East on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea and bordered, from the north down to the west, by Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon. It is one of the oldest inhabited regions in the world with archaeological...
Pompey
Definition by James Lloyd

Pompey

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, also known as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military leader and politician during the fall of the Roman Republic. He was born in 106 BCE and died on 28th September 48 BCE. His father was Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo. ...
Livy
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Livy

Without the valuable contributions of historians, later generations would have little knowledge of the past - the good as well as the bad. Herodotus and Thucydides, the fathers of historical writing, would never have written their histories...
Commodus
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Commodus

Commodus was Roman emperor from 180 to 192 CE. With the death of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in March of 180 CE, the long reign of the five good emperors came to an end and with it so did the Pax Romana (the Roman Peace). Those emperors...
Ancient Crete
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Ancient Crete

Crete is an island in the eastern Mediterranean which during the Bronze Age produced the influential Minoan civilization with its distinctive architecture and art. An important member of the Greek world in the Archaic period, Crete dipped...
Ambiorix
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ambiorix

Ambiorix (c. 54/53 BCE) was the co-ruler of the Eburone tribe of Gallia Belgica (north-eastern Gaul, modern-day Belgium) who led an insurrection against Caesar's occupying forces in Gaul in the winter of 54/53 BCE. Nothing is known of his...
Cenotaph of Marcus Caelius
Image by Carole Raddato

Cenotaph of Marcus Caelius

Cenotaph of Marcus Caelius, 1st centurion of Legio XVIII who fell in the war of Varus, the Battle in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE. (LVR-LandesMuseum Bonn) Inscription: "To Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the Lemonian district, from Bologna...
Stone Weight From The Comacchio Shipwreck
Image by Liana Miate

Stone Weight From The Comacchio Shipwreck

A Centussis weight used to weigh the cargo for sale. The stone is inscribed with an 'M' for Magister Navis, the ship's master and the initials 'TRVF', possibly for his name - either Titus Rufius or Titus Rufrenius. The two holes on the upper...
Ancient Christianity’s Effect on Society & Gender Roles
Article by Rebecca Denova

Ancient Christianity’s Effect on Society & Gender Roles

Christianity began as a sect of Judaism in Judea in the 1st century CE and spread to the cities of the Eastern Roman Empire and beyond. In these cities, non-Jews, Gentiles, wanted to join the movement, and these Gentile-Christians soon outnumbered...