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Ghosts in the Ancient World
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ghosts in the Ancient World

To the people of the ancient world, there was no doubt that the soul of a human being survived bodily death. Whatever an individual's personal views were on the subject, culturally they were brought up with the understanding that the...
Copan
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Copan

Copán (in modern Honduras) is located on the floodplain of the river of the same name. It was the most southerly of the Classic Maya centres and, at an altitude of 600 metres, the highest. Copán reached the height of its power...
How to Read a Maya Glyph
Article by Lily Ball

How to Read a Maya Glyph

For over three centuries, the ancient Maya flourished in Mesoamerica.  They built giant stone pyramids surrounded by dense jungle, used a calendrical system that made many believe that 2012 would be the end of the world, and created...
Early Explorers of the Maya Civilization: John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Early Explorers of the Maya Civilization: John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood

The names of John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood are forever linked to the Maya and Mayan studies as the two great explorers who documented the ruins from Copan in the south to Chichen Itza in the north. The stories told by Stephens...
Yaxchilan
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Yaxchilan

Yaxchilan, located on the banks of the Usumacinta River in the Yucatán peninsula of Mexico, was an important Late Classic Maya centre. The Maya dated the founding of their city to 320 CE, but Yaxchilan flourished between c. 580 and...
Chaco Canyon
Definition by Benjamin Oswald

Chaco Canyon

Chaco Canyon was the center of a pre-Columbian civilization flourishing in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest from the 9th to the 12th century CE. Chacoan civilization represents a singular period in the history of an ancient people...
Pulque
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Pulque

Pulque is an alcoholic drink which was first drunk by the Maya, Aztecs, Huastecs and other cultures in ancient Mesoamerica. Similar to beer, it is made from the fermented juice or sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana). In the Aztec language...
Wall
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Wall

The English word 'wall' is derived from the Latin, vallus meaning 'a stake' or 'post' and designated the wood-stake and earth palisade which formed the outer edge of a fortification. The palisades were in use early...
Climate Change & Disaster - Linking Antiquity and Present
Lesson by Marion Wadowski

Climate Change & Disaster - Linking Antiquity and Present

This activity can be done in class as a discussion, given as homework or assignment for an essay or a presentation. It includes keys and all the material needed. You can just print and roll with it in your class without preparation!In this...
Reconstruction of Seven Ancient Archaeological Sites
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Reconstruction of Seven Ancient Archaeological Sites

This gallery includes seven digital reconstructions of ancient monuments around the world, from Rome to and Mexico. They depict what these monuments may have looked like when they are created, by overlaying digital images on top of the...