Battle of Issus
The Battle of Issus, on 5 November 333 BCE, was Alexander the Great's second battle against the Persian army and the first direct engagement with King Darius III, near the village of Issus in southern modern-day Turkey...
Battle of the Granicus
The Battle of the Granicus in May 334 BCE was Alexander the Great's (356-323 BCE) first major victory against the forces of the Achaemenid Empire. Alexander had crossed the Hellespont with his combined Macedonian and...
Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic waging of armed conflict between sovereign nations or states, using military might and strategy, until one opponent is defeated on the field or sues for peace in the face...
The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions
The Battle of Issus, Initial dispositions.
The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment
The Battle of Issus, the decisive moment.
The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield
The Battle of Issus, Movements to the battlefield.
The Ishtar Gate of Babylon at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin
This gate was built at the northern side of the city of Babylon by the king Nebuchadnezzar II in 575 BCE. It was the eighth gate into the city of Babylon, Mesopotamia (modern Babil Governorate, Iraq). The gate was built with glazed bricks...
Alexander the Great and Hellenization in the 4th Century BCE
Alexander the Great was the son of Philip II of Macedon and the man who started the hellenistic era during the 4th century BCE. After inheriting the Macedonian Empire when Philip II died, Alexander the Great extended it into the largest empire...
The Alexander Mosaic
The Alexander Mosaic, dating from circa 100 BCE, depicts the Battle of Issus (333 BCE) between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. It is one of the most spectacular and recognisable depictions of Alexander the Great and Darius III...
Alexander the Great & Bucephalus Mosaic
Detail of the Alexander Mosaic, representing Alexander the Great on his horse Bucephalus, during the battle of Issus.