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Egyptian Faience
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Egyptian Faience

Egyptian faience is a glassy substance manufactured expertly by the ancient Egyptians. The process was first developed in Mesopotamia, first at Ur and later at Babylon, with significant results but faience production reached its height of...
Phoenicia
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Phoenicia

Phoenicia was an ancient civilization composed of independent city-states located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel. The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known...
Ptolemaic Blue Faience Bowl
Image by Metropolitan Museum of Art

Ptolemaic Blue Faience Bowl

This blue bowl is an excellent example of Egyptian faience ware, and why it was so highly regarded in the ancient Mediterranean. Ancient Egyptian artisans had been producing high-quality faience for millennia by the time this bowl was produced...
Faience Cup of Shoshenq
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Faience Cup of Shoshenq

Faience cup of Shoshenq with a representation of different deities. From Saqqara, Egypt. Third Intermediate Period, 22nd (Libyan or Bubastite) Dynasty, 944-716 BCE. It is on display at the Neues Museum, Berlin, Germany.
Faience Drinking Cup from the 18th Dynasty
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Faience Drinking Cup from the 18th Dynasty

This is a faience (bluish-green) drinking cup. The cup's exterior surface was elaborated with incised decoration representing lotus flower petals. From Egypt. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, 1543-1292 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Minoan Snake Goddess, Knossos.
Image by Mark Cartwright

Minoan Snake Goddess, Knossos.

Faience figurine of the Minoan Snake Goddess - her dominion was over nature and fertility. New-Palace period (1600 BCE). Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete.
Egyptian Beadnet Dress (Detail)
Image by Jennifer Brown (Jaunting Jen)

Egyptian Beadnet Dress (Detail)

Egyptian, Dynasty 4, Reign of Khufu, 2551 - 2528 BCE, faience and gold. This beadnet dress is the earliest surviving example of a garment with the lozenge pattern. This pattern is frequently used when depicting women's clothing in Egyptian...
Egyptian Broad Collar
Image by Liana Miate

Egyptian Broad Collar

Egyptian broad collar in Faience (wesekh). 11th Dynasty, about 2040-1985 BCE. Deir el-Bahari, Egypt. From The British Museum, (photo taken at The Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia) The broad collar is one of the most characteristic...
Vase Inscribed with the Cartouches of Amenhotep II
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Vase Inscribed with the Cartouches of Amenhotep II

This faience vase was inscribed with cartouches of the birth (nomen) and throne (prenomen) names of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep II. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep II, 1427-1400 BCE. Probably from the Valley of the Kings...
Cup in the Shape of Lotus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cup in the Shape of Lotus

Faience cup in the shape of a lotus blossom. From Egypt, precise provenance is unknown. New Kingdom, 1540-1290 BCE. (The Neues Museum, Berlin, Germany).