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Caesarea (North Africa)
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Caesarea (North Africa)

Caesarea was actually the name of three separate cities: one in Palestine, one in Cappadocia (Asia Minor), and one in Mauretania, present-day Algeria. The first city, Caesarea Palestinae, was built by Herod around 25 BCE and, like the other...
Juba II
Definition by Arienne King

Juba II

Juba II (c. 48 BCE - 23 CE) was a Numidian prince and the king of Mauretania from c. 25 BCE until his death in 23 CE. He was raised in the household of Julius Caesar (c. 100-44 BCE) and married Cleopatra Selene II (40 - c. 17/5 BCE), the...
Roman Aqueduct, Caesarea
Image by Institute for the Study of the Ancient World

Roman Aqueduct, Caesarea

The Roman aqueduct of Caesarea Palestina.
Arms & White Hart of Richard II of England
Image by Unknown Artist

Arms & White Hart of Richard II of England

The mythical coat of arms and white hart symbol of Richard II of England (r. 1377-1399 CE). From the back of the Wilton diptych, a painted panel created c. 1395-99 CE. (National Gallery, London)
Evora
Image by Kim Martins

Evora

A square in Evora, Portugal showing the white buildings with mustard-coloured trim that is typical of the Moorish architecture of the city. Photo taken 2008 CE.
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Blog by Carole Raddato

The Byzantine "Bird Mosaic" from Caesarea, Israel

A stunning mosaic floor referred to as the “Bird Mosaic” was uncovered by accident in 1955 on the outskirts of Caeserea in Israel, outside the walls of the ancient settlement. With no budget available for its preservation, it was covered...
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Blog by Carole Raddato

The Hadrianic aqueduct of Caesarea Maritima, Israel

Caesarea Maritima is perhaps one of Israel’s most famous attractions. Its ruins are located by the sea-shore of Israel about half way between Tel Aviv and Haifa. It is the site of one of the most important cities of the Roman World, the...
Parthia: Rome's Ablest Competitor
Article by Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Parthia: Rome's Ablest Competitor

As a superpower in its own right and in competition with Rome, Parthia’s empire - ruling from 247 BCE to 224 CE - stretched between the Mediterranean in the west to India in the east. Not only did the Parthians win battles against Rome...
Basil the Great
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Basil the Great

Saint Basil (c. 330 - c. 379 CE), also known as Basil the Great and Basil of Caesarea, was a bishop of Caesarea in central Asia Minor who staunchly defended the church against the 4th-century CE heresy of Arianism. Basil’s writings...
The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity
Article by Michael Goodyear

The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity

Although both the Byzantines and the Armenians were Christian, the types of Christianity they professed had important differences that led to a lack of recognition and tensions between the two groups and a considerable part of their relationship...