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Throne Dais of Shalmaneser III [North Face, East End]
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Throne Dais of Shalmaneser III [North Face, East End]

This scene is part of a long tributary one where the king receives tribute from Qalparunda of the Land of Unqi (a Luwian Syri-Hittite state, also known as Pattin). Here, the Assyrian king, Shalmaneser III (r. 858-824 BCE), stands below a...
Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE
Image by Javierfv1212

Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE

Map of the Diadochi successor kingdoms to Alexander the Great's empire, before the Battle of Ipsus (301 BCE).
Antigonus Doson, Silver Tetradrachm of Macedon
Image by Mark Cartwright

Antigonus Doson, Silver Tetradrachm of Macedon

Silver tetradrachm from Macedonia, reign of Antigonus Doson, 229-221 BCE. O: Head of Poseidon. R: Apollo on a ship's prow.
Amastris
Definition by Branko van Oppen

Amastris

Amastris (c. 340/39-285 BCE) was a niece of the Persian king Darius III (r. 336-330 BCE) through her father Oxyathres. She was married in succession to Alexander’s general Craterus, the tyrant Dionysius of Heraclea, and finally...
Ptolemy I
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Ptolemy I

Ptolemy I Soter (366-282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great. He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII...
Antioch
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Antioch

Antioch or Antiochia was an ancient city located on the Orontes River near the Amanus Mountains in Syria. The “land of four cities” - Seleucia, Apamea, Laodicea, and Antiochia - was founded by Seleucus I Nicator (Victor) between...
Herod the Great
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Herod the Great

Herod I, or Herod the Great (c. 75 – 4 BCE), was the king of Judea who ruled as a client of Rome. He has gained lasting infamy as the 'slaughterer of the innocents' as recounted in the New Testament’s book of Mathew. Herod...
Seleucid Empire
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Seleucid Empire

The Seleucid Empire (312-63 BCE) was the vast political entity established by Seleucus I Nicator (“Victor” or “Unconquered”, l. c. 358-281 BCE, r. 305-281 BCE), one of the generals of Alexander the Great, after Alexander’s...
Attalid Dynasty
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Attalid Dynasty

The Attalid Dynasty ruled an empire from their capital at Pergamon during the 3rd and 2nd century BCE. Fighting for their place in the turbulent world following the death of Alexander the Great, the Attalids briefly flourished with Pergamon...
Ancient Greece
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands. Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature...