Trade & Commerce in Ancient Greece

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Mark Cartwright
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published on 24 April 2020
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The ancient Mediterranean was a busy place with trading ships sailing in all directions to connect cities and cultures. The Greeks were so keen on the rewards of trade and commerce that they colonized large parts of the coastal Mediterranean. In this collection of resources, we examine the products they exported such as wine and olive oil, the goods on offer in the agora markets that came via such important ports as the Piraeus, and the cultural consequences of all this activity from spreading Greek architecture to minting coinage. Such was the success of the Greeks in spreading their ideas and way of life that, even today, the culture of the Mediterranean spans across such modern inventions as national borders. 

Greek cities were soon attracted by the fertile land, natural resources, and good harbours of a 'New World' - southern Italy and Sicily. The Greek colonists eventually subdued the local population and stamped their identity on the region to such an extent that they called it 'Greater Greece' or MegalÄ“ Hellas, and it would become the most 'Greek' of all the colonized territories, both in terms of culture and the urban landscape with Doric temples being the most striking symbol of Hellenization.

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About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE.

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