Addendum University Edition 2

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Book Details

Author  Maximillien de Lafayette
Publisher  Times Square Press. New York. Berlin. Paris
Publication Date   January 28, 2013
ISBN 
Pages  208

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Paperback lulu.com/shop/maximillien-de-lafayette/part-2-the-mammoth-dictionary-of-960-pages-sumerian-english-dictionary-vocabulary-history/paperback/product-20661272.html
Part 2. A massive dictionary in 2 volumes of 960 pages, published in 4 volumes by Times Square Press. De Lafayette Sumerian-English Dictionary is a major & unprecedented accomplishment in the fields of linguistics & comparative study of ancient languages and civilizations; it is a Comparative Lexicon of Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Chaldean, Phoenician, Ugaritic, Hittite, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Arabic. It is unique because it does not only translate & define Sumerian words but also tells us how and where from,  Sumerian words originated & their derivations and refers us to similar words  found in languages of the ancient world. Author's website: maximilliendelafayettebibliography.com

Here are samples of how the dictionary lists and defines Sumerian words and references made to other ancient languages:

* Habiru, "Eberu", "Ebara", "Apiru", "Habiri": Noun.
* Akkadian/Assyrian/Proto Hebrew/Sumerian/
* Akkadian/Phoenician 
* Name of the early Jews/Hebrews.
* Derived from the Akkadian Ebara, usually referring to the early Hebrews who crossed Sinai.
* Habiru means those who traversed or crossed a land or a river. 'Aber in Arabic means the person who crossed or traveled a land.
* The Assyrian verb is Ebro, meaning to cross;  a contemporary Assyrian Western dialect.
* Ebara in contemporary Assyrian Eastern dialect.
* Eberu in Akkadian.
* Abra in Arabic.
* The verb is Eberu in Akkadian/Assyrian.
* a- To cross over.
* b- To traverse.
* Ebara in contemporary Assyrian Eastern dialect.
* Ebro in contemporary Assyrian Western dialect.
* 'Aber in Arabic means the person who crossed or traveled a land.
* 'Aabiroun in plural.



* Ama: Noun. Mother.
* Ima in Hebrew.
* Ama in ancient Syriac.
* Ummum in Akkadian.
* Oum in literary/written Arabic, Mama in spoken Arabic.
* Anna in Hittite.





* Bit: Sumerian/Assyrian. Noun. A house.
* Beit in Hebrew.
* Beyt, Bayt and Beit in Arabic.
* Bet, Bayto and Bayta in ancient Aramaic.
* Bitu in ancient Akkadian.



* Shamash: Noun. Sumerian/Assyrian/Akkadian.
* In the Sumerian mythology, he is associated with god Utu. (d ama, in Akkadian) Shamash is the sun god, and the son of Sin and Ningal, created by the Anunnaki.
* In Akkadian and Sumerian, Shamash means the sun.
* From Shamash, derived the:
* a- Arabic word Shams "Chams", which means the sun.
* b- Hebrew word Shemesh, which means the sun. The Hebraic city of Beit Shemesh (Beit means house, but here, it means temple. Shemesh means sun) was named after the Canaanite sun goddess Shemesh.
* c- Aramaic word sheh'-mesh, which also means sun.
* d- Phoenician and Ugaritic words Shem and Shema, which mean  sun and are used as a symbol for the heavens.
* Etymologically, all these words derived from the Ana'kh word Shama, which means either the sun or the heavens (Sky). In the Akkadian/Sumerian clay tablets, Shamash is depicted as "the supreme judge of heaven and earth", and "the lord of all living creatures."



In addition, the dictionary tells us how words were used, who used them & where did they appear in epics &  tablets.


* Gabsu "Gabsa": Adverb. Adjective. Sumerian/Assyrian
* Meaning: Mighty, Large, Strong.
* "Edu gabshu sha mahiira la ishu." Annals of Sardanapalus. "Mighty leader, who has no competitor."
*"Kizir shuunu gabsha lu piriisha." From the Annals of Tiglath Pileser. "I broke through their large body."


* Habal: Noun Sumerian/Akkadian. Corruption
* "Shuteshur la liihi la habaal." Sargina, Khorsabad. "To govern without violence, without corruption."

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