|Author||William Emerton Heitland|
|Publication Date||November 27, 2012|
The history of Rome first meets us in the dim legendary story of a small community planted on the left bank of the Tiber. We can fix no certain date for its beginning, nor is it easy to say when it ended. It is not the history of a nation, but of a government. The last remains of a government continuously descended from that of ancient Rome did not disappear till 1453 A.D., when Constantinople was taken by the Turks. But Roman law, the supreme product of Roman government, is still living, for it is the foundation of many of the legal systems still in force.
We may divide Roman history for convenience sake into periods according to the form of government in use. 1. Regal period, our knowledge of which is very slight and indirect. 2. Republican period. 3. Imperial period. It is with the second of these that we are concerned...
The Regal Period
The Republic, 509-449 B.C.
The Republic, 448-367 B.C.
The Republic, 366-265 B.C.
Conquest of Italy, 366-265 B.C.
Organization of Italy
Rome and the Romans, 366-265 B.C.
First Punic War, 264-241 B.C.
The Interval, 241-218 B.C.
Second Punic War, 218-201 B.C.
The Situation Created by the War
Wars and Policy in the East, 200-168. B.C., and in the West, 200-194 B.C.
Wars and Policy in the West, 193-167 B.C.
External Affairs, 167-133 B.C.
Internal History, 201-133 B.C.
The Sicilian Slave-War, 134-132 B.C.
Tiberius Gracchus, 133 B.C.
The Interval, 132-123 B.C.
Gaius Gracchus, 124-121 B.C.
From the Death of C. Gracchus to the End of the Jugurthine War, 121-105 B.C.
The Invasion from the North, 109-101 B.C.
The Second Sicilian Slave-War, and External Affairs, 105-92 B.C.
Internal History, 104-91 B.C.
The Great Italian or Marsic War, 90-87 B.C.
Marius and Cinna, 87-86 B.C.
Sulla in the East, 87-84 B.C.
Cinna, Carbo, and Sulla, 85-82 B.C.
Sulla, 82-78 B.C.
Rome and Italy, 78-70 B.C.
Wars Abroad. Sertorius and Mithradates, 79-67 B.C.
Affairs in Rome 69-66 B.C., and the Preeminence of Pompey, 67-62 B.C.
Cicero and Catiline, 66-63 B.C.
The Years of Uncertainty, 62-60 B.C.
Caesar's First Consulship and the Removal of Cicero and Cato, 59-58 B.C.
Caesar in Gaul, 58-56 B.C.
Affairs in Rome 58-55 B.C. The Conference of Luca, 56 B.C.
Caesar in Gaul, 56-50 B.C.
Roman Affairs from the Conference of Luca to the Outbreak of the Great Civil War, 55-49 B.C.
The Civil War to the Battle of Thapsus, 49-46 B.C.
From the Battle of Thapsus to the Death of Caesar, 46-44 B.C.
Failure of the Attempt to Restore the Republic, 44-42 B.C.
Literature and Jurisprudence as Illustrating the Life of the Revolutionary Period
From Republic to Empire