The Critical, Comparative, and Hisorical Method...

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Book Details

Author  Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar
Publisher  Forgotten Books
Publication Date   July 19, 2012
ISBN 
Pages  34

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He subjects it to certain tests calculated to prove its truth or otherwise. He takes care for instance to ascertain whether the person giving the account was an eyewitness to the occurrence, and if so whether he was an unprejudiced and at the same time an intelligent observer. If his information is based on other sources, the critic endeavours to ascertain the credibility or otherwise of those sources. When it is a thing or a verified occurrence that he has to deal with, he does not satisfy himself with that view of its nature and relations that appears plausible at first sight. He seeks for extraneous assistance to enable himself to arrive at a correct view. One of the most efficacious means employed by him is comparison of like things or occurrences. This comparison enables him to separate the accidents of the thing or occurrence from its essential nature, and sometimes to arrive at a law which includes the thing or occurrence as a particular case and explains it. Though comparison may thus be considered one of the means of a critical examination, still its own proper results are so important that it deserves to be considered an independent method of inquiry. The history of a thing i.e. a comparison of the various forms it presents at different well-ascertained periods, is also of the greatest use for the determination of its real nature. Often, when no written history is available, the inquirer determines the historical or chronological relations between the several forms of a thing by referring them to an obvious standard, and arrives at some important conclusions based on such relations. Thus for instance, the Greek esmes we are is more ancient than the Sanskrit smas, for it retains the original a of the root as in the form of ewhich Sanskrit has lost; and the Sanskrit santi they are, more ancient than the Greek entl which has lost the whole root as. Fr
(Typographical errors above are due to OCR software and don't occur in the book.)

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