|Publication Date||July 23, 2012|
A nabasisl is the story of the expedition which Cyrus the Younger2 led against his brother Artaxerxes II., king of Persia, in the hope of gaining for himself the Persian throne; of the retreat to the Euxine Sea, after the death of Cyrus, of the Ten Thousand Greeks who had made part of his army; and of their ultimate return to western Asia Minor. Cyrus undertook his ill-fated expedition in 401 B.C. Before that time he had played a somewhat prominent part in Greek history. Toward the close of the great struggle for supremacy between A thens and Sparta, which lasted from 431 to 404 B.C. and is known as the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans had concluded an alliance with Tissaphernes, Persian satrap of Lydia and I onia and 1T he verb b.va aiveivt lit. to go up, was used of any journey from the sea coast to the higher lands of the interior, but more especially of the famous route from the Greek coast of Asia Minor to the Persian capital, Susa. Hence the noun avd ao-ts A nabasis. It will be seen that the title properly belongs only to the first part of Xenophon sstory. 1U sually so called to distinguish him from Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian Empire.
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