|Author||William L. Westerman|
|Publisher||A. J. Cornell Publications|
|Publication Date||February 25, 2011|
This easy-to-understand guide to ancient Greece (equivalent in length to a physical book of approximately 32 pages), was written especially for the esteemed multi-volume reference work “World Book: Organized Knowledge in Story and Picture” (1920 edition).
Learn about the people, the history, and the great city-states of ancient Greece. Read about the ancient Greeks’ sculpture, architecture, and literature.
Part I: Life in Ancient Greece
Part II: The History of Ancient Greece
Part III: The Great City-States of Ancient Greece
Part IV: Ancient Greek Sculpture, Architecture, and Literature
The Spartans had worked out for themselves a system of education that differed from every other system in Greece, as well as from those of modern states. Parents had not first claim on their children; these belonged to the state. Baby boys were examined by a Council of Elders, and if they were defective or weakly they were placed on the open hillside to die. The result was a race that closely attained to physical perfection. At the age of seven the boys were turned over to public officers, and their education was begun. They did not learn to read and write, or to care for literature; they were not encouraged to become orators, or even to converse, for practically all of their education was physical. To bear intense pain without flinching, to endure privation, to fight, to run, to wrestle—all of these the Spartan boy was carefully taught, for Sparta was a nation of warriors and cared for no citizens who could not strengthen the military arm.
About the Authors:
William Lynn Westerman was Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin. A. McCaleb and B. M. White were Editors of “World Book: Organized Knowledge in Story and Picture.”