Shivaji and His Times


Book Details

Author  Sir Jadunath Sarkar
Publication Date   April 16, 2010
Pages  486


This volume was published in 1920.

A short summary from the book's Preface: First Edition, April 1919:

A new and critical study of Shivaji's life and character has long been due, as the last scholarly work on the subject was com-
posed by Captain James Grant Duff a century ago, and a
vast mass of original material unknown to him has become
accessible to the student since then. To put the case
briefly, the present work differs from his eminently readable
and still valuable History of the Mahrattas, (3 Vols., 1826),
in the rigid preference of contemporary records to later com-
pilations, and the exhaustive and minute use of the available
sources, both printed and MS.----in Persian, English, Marathi
and Hindi, as well as the Dutch Records in the India Office,

The present work marks an advance on Grant Duff's History in three points in particular:

First, among Persian materials his only authorities were Khafi, who wrote 108 years after the birth of Shivaji and is admittedly
unreliable where he does not borrow faithfully from earlier
writers, and Bhimsen, an incorrect and brief translation of
whose Journal (by Jonathan Scott, 1794) alone was then
available. I have, on the other hand, relied on the absolutely
contemporary official histories of Shah Jahan and Aurangzb,
Muhammad and Ali Adil Shah, many historical letters in Persian,
the entire letter-books of Jai Singh and Aurangzb, daily bulletins
of Aurangzib's Court, and the full text of Bhimsen as well as
another contemporary Hindu historian in Persian vs. Ishwardas
Nagar, ---- all of which were unknown to Grant Duff.

Secondly, he relied too much on the uncritical and often
deliberately false Chitnis Bakhar, written and often deliber-
ately false Chitnis Bakhar, wrtten 183 years after Shivaji's
birth, while I have preferred the work of Shivaji's courtier,
Sabhasad, and also incorporated whatever is valuable and
above suspicion in the mass of Marathi materials published
by a band of devoted Indian workers at Puna and Satara
during the last 40 years. Grant Duff, more-over, worked
on a single manuscript of the Marathi chronicles; but we
live in a happier age when these sources have been care-
fully edited with variations of reading and notes.

Thirdly, the English and Dutch Factory Records have been
more minutely searched by me and every useful information
has been extracted from them.

I. The Land and the People
II. Boyhood and Youth
III. First Wars with Mughals and Bijapur
IV. Strenuous Warfare
V. Shivaji and Jai Singh
VI. Visit to Aurangzib
VII. 1667— 1670
VIII. Struggle with the Mughals
IX. Coronation of Shivaji
X. South Konkan & Kanara
XI. Naval Enterprises
XII. Invasion of the Karnatak
XIII. His Last Years
XIV. Shivaji and the English Merchants of the West Coast
XV. Government, Institutions, and Policy
XVI. Shivaji's achievement, Character and Place in History

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