Ten Great Religions, An Essay in Comparative Theology...

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Book Details

Author  James Freeman Clarke
Publisher 
Publication Date   May 6, 2009
ISBN 
Pages  584

Description

Published, 1899.
"Contents.


Chapter I.

Introduction.--Ethnic and Catholic Religions.

Sec. 1. Object of the present Work
Sec. 2. Comparative Theology; its Nature, Value, and present Position
Sec. 3. Ethnic Religions. Injustice often done to them by Christian
Apologists
Sec. 4. How Ethnic Religions were regarded by Christ and his Apostles
Sec. 5. Comparative Theology will furnish a new Class of Evidences in
Support of Christianity
Sec. 6. It will show that, while most of the Religions of the World are
Ethnic, or the Religions of Races, Christianity is Catholic, or
adapted to become the Religion of all Races
Sec. 7. It will show that Ethnic Religions are partial, Christianity
universal
Sec. 8. It will show that Ethnic Religions are arrested, but that
Christianity is steadily progressive


Chapter II.

Confucius and the Chinese, or the Prose of Asia.

Sec. 1. Peculiarities of Chinese Civilization
Sec. 2. Chinese Government based on Education. Civil-Service Examinations
Sec. 3. Life and Character of Confucius
Sec. 4. Philosophy and subsequent Development of Confucianism
Sec. 5. Lao-tse and Tao-ism
Sec. 6. Religious Character of the "Kings."
Sec. 7. Confucius and Christianity. Character of the Chinese
Sec. 8. The Tae-ping Insurrection
Note. The Nestorian Inscription in China


Chapter III.

Brahmanism.

Sec. 1. Our Knowledge of Brahmanism. Sir William Jones
Sec. 2. Difficulty of this Study. The Complexity of the System. The
Hindoos have no History. Their Ultra-Spiritualism
Sec. 3. Helps from Comparative Philology. The Aryans in Central Asia
Sec. 4. The Aryans in India. The Native Races. The Vedic Age. Theology
of the Vedas
Sec. 5. Second Period. Laws of Manu. The Brahmanic Age
Sec. 6. The Three Hindoo Systems of Philosophy,--The Sankhya, Vedanta,
and Nyasa
Sec. 7. Origin of the Hindoo Triad
Sec. 8. The Epics, the Puranas, and Modern Hindoo Worship
Sec. 9. Relation of Brahmanism to Christianity


Chapter IV.

Buddhism, or the Protestantism of the East.

Sec. 1. Buddhism, in its Forms, resembles Romanism; in its Spirit,
Protestantism
Sec. 2. Extent of Buddhism. Its Scriptures
Sec. 3. Sakya-muni, the Founder of Buddhism
Sec. 4. Leading Doctrines of Buddhism
Sec. 5. The Spirit of Buddhism Rational and Humane
Sec. 6. Buddhism as a Religion
Sec. 7. Karma and Nirvana
Sec. 8. Good and Evil of Buddhism
Sec. 9. Relation of Buddhism to Christianity


Chapter V.

Zoroaster and the Zend Avesta.

Sec. 1. Ruins of the Palace of Xerxes at Persepolis
Sec. 2. Greek Accounts of Zoroaster. Plutarch's Description of his Religion
Sec. 3. Anquetil du Perron and his Discovery of the Zend Avesta
Sec. 4. Epoch of Zoroaster. What do we know of him?
Sec. 5. Spirit of Zoroaster and of his Religion
Sec. 6. Character of the Zend Avesta
Sec. 7. Later Development of the System in the Bundehesch
Sec. 8. Relation of the Religion of the Zend Avesta to that of the Vedas
Sec. 9. Is Monotheism or pure Dualism the Doctrine of the Zend Avesta
Sec. 10. Relation of this System to Christianity. The Kingdom of Heaven


Chapter VI.

The Gods of Egypt.

Sec. 1. Antiquity and Extent of Egyptian Civilization
Sec. 2. Religious Character of the Egyptians. Their Ritual
Sec. 3. Theology of Egypt. Sources of our Knowledge concerning it
Sec. 4. Central Idea of Egyptian Theology and Religion. Animal Worship
Sec. 5. Sources of Egyptian Theology. Age of the Empire and Affinities of
the Race
Sec. 6. The Three Orders of Gods
Sec. 7. Influence upon Judaism and Christianity


Chapter VII.

The Gods Of Greece.

Sec. 1. The Land and the Race
Sec. 2. Idea and general Character of Greek Religion
Sec. 3. The Gods of Greece before Homer
Sec. 4. The Gods of the Poets..."

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