|Author||William G. Davey|
|Publication Date||March 2, 2009|
This study of Greek mythology is one in a series of seven that consists of comprehensive analyses of each of the six major Indo-European mythologies.
The Indo Europeans are defined by a common group of languages that extend, as the name implies, from India to Ireland. Among these peoples extensive mythologies have survived in Indian, Persian, Greek, Norse or Germanic, Irish, and Welsh and Arthurian stories. We caution that our account is not for the faint-hearted since our studies have analyzed all of these six mythologies individually in a long and intensive study to a depth that has not even been attempted for a hundred years or more.
Greek mythology differs from other Indo European accounts by the inclusion of a strong female, non-Indo European element which presumably was present in the earlier, non- Indo European culture. Nevertheless there are clear links to the other Indo European myths though the names are often unfamiliar. The overwhelming majority of the links are with the vast body of Indian legends. The survivals are of two kinds, similar themes and similar names. The conflict between “Gods and Demons” found in other Indo European mythologies is strongly confirmed in the Greek battles of the gods and giants, and here the names of some key individuals are identified. Although there can be no doubt of Indo-European survivals in Greek myths it is also clear that they survive in a highly fragmented condition. The Greek accounts must often be carefully analyzed to identify, for example, Iapetus with Jayapida the Indian King of the Gods, and Prometheus with the Indian wizard priest Vishwamitra. But the most remarkable link is the parallel between the double destruction of Troy by Herakles and the double destruction of the Indian City of Tripura by Heraka who is the Indian god Shiva. A further striking link is the similarity of the killing of Medusa with a sickle by Perseus and the beheading of a woman (who could have been named Medhasa) also with a sickle, by Parashurama, who is Krishna.
However though much has been obscured, hidden within all of the stories are elements of the older Indo European stories and our analysis shows that some striking, largely unrecognized, links with the other Indo-European myths are present.