As China comes on the world stage again, people are increasingly becoming interested in the philosophies and philosophers of that ancient land. The Chinese philosophical tradition is a long and venerable one. It consists of several streams-Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism and post Neo-Confucianism. Their flow has been sustained by numerous personages-Confucius, Lao Tzu, Mo Tzu, Mencius, Hsun Tzu, Han Fei, Chou Tun-i, Chu Hsi, Wang Yang-ming and K'ang Yu-wei, to name but a few. This book deals with the basic views of those philosophers and their influence on Chinese history and culture. In no other country, perhaps, has philosophy had such a determinate influence. This may be a lesson in itself for the contemporary world in which people and nations in many instances wander aimlessly and hesitatingly, having cut themselves off from their traditional ground of being. As teachnology continues to facilitate interaction between the people of the world, it becomes even more urgent and important that we understand, appreciate and accept each others' traditions and views of man and the world.