In 1965, the Austrian Archaeological Institute resumed excavations in the Artemision of Ephesus. In the course of this work, the sanctuary's altar was found and parts of the monumental temple unknown at that time were uncovered. Numerous fragments of building sections of two later dipteral temples were uncovered. In particular, the remains of the older Dipteros - the so-called Kroisos temple, named after the king of the Lydians who donated the monument's columns - were carefully documented and interpreted. The result has been a new graphic reconstruction of the archaic temple's ground plan and elevation. This publication documents the major features of the new restoration as well as the more significant divergences from the former plans. For example, now only two rows of columns have been restored in front of the western antae. Moreover, the analysis of the setting lines on the blocks as well as the exact alignments in the monument has provided new insight into the planning process and the sequence of temple's erection, including possible alterations while construction was underway and small errors in execution. The exact height of the columns is still uncertain because the architectural pieces are too fragmentary, meaning the height of the building remains unknown. However, the arrangement of the corner capitals of the external peristyle, which had rosettes on the inner sides, has been clarified along with the appearance of the eaves of both the exterior and interior of the temple (the sekos was certainly not covered by a roof). A hypothetical reconstruction of the entablature has been proposed, including the orientation of the beams and the existence of special capitals with rings of leaves ("Blattkranzkapitelle") on the inner row of columns. Finally the building technique, the partly unfinished surfaces, the metrology and the original coloration have been examined.
Grants & Sponsorships
Many thanks to the organisations who are kindly helping us through grants or sponsorships:
We have active partnerships to pursue common goals with the following organisations: