Moyle, J.B. The Institutes of Justinian. Translated into English with an Index. Fifth Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. viii, 220 pp. Reprinted 2002 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2001041401. An English translation, with a thorough index, of Justinian's Institutes. After assuming the throne of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire in 527, Justinian (Favius Petrus Sabbatius Justinianus) [A.D. 483-565] sought to revise the most important legal writings of the original republic and empire, including the body of laws that had accumulated during the last 300 years. His revision of the Institutes of Gaius [c.A.D. 115-c.180] is perhaps the most significant volume to emerge from this program. Written around A.D. 161, it is an elementary treatise on Roman private law that served as a standard text for 300 years. Justinian's revision brought the original up to date while maintaining its qualities of clear exposition and perspicuous judgment. It was later combined with three other revisions, the Digest, Code, and Novels to form the Corpus Juris Civilis, a profound influence on European law from the tenth century onwards. Walker, The Oxford Companion to Law 511, 696.
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