|Publisher||Smithsonian Institution Press|
|Publication Date||August 17, 1992|
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Despite increased research interest in the interaction of native North American peoples and Europeans, little attention has been directed toward Indian-French interactions--even though for more than a century the French controlled an area of the interior more than twice the size of the combined North American territories of Britain and Spain.
Calumet and Fleur-de-Lys focuses on historic Native American sites and archaeological evidence of native interaction with the French from the landing of Jean Nicollet in Green Bay in 1634 to the surrender of French America to the British in 1765. It integrates, for the first time, historical documents of the French politicians, explorers, priests, and traders with the archaeological record of numerous midcontinental native and French colonial sites. The essays cover the full range of French America--from the mouth of the Mississippi to the Great Lakes region--and examine topics as diverse as the protohistoric native cultures of the Midwest, French traders among the Sioux of northern Minnesota, Indian-French military relations in Louisiana and on the Wabash, the Indian deerskin trade of the Southeast, Huron refugees in Michigan, and Illini hunting camps and villages in Illinois.
Most previous research into French America, including Francis Parkman's classic histories, has centered on "great men"--LaSalle, Marquette, Joliet, and Nicollet. Calumet and Fleur-de-Lys demonstrates the potential of the archaeological record to expand the history of native cultures and Indian-French relations in the contact era.
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