|Publication Date||July 22, 2012|
Marathon, and four years before the battles of Thermopylae, A rtemisium, and Salamis. In his childhood began the period of Athenian ascendancy, and Pericles commenced his career as a statesman while Herodotus was still a boy. A native of the Dorian colony of Halicarnassus, and inheriting, we may believe, from his uncle Panyasis a taste for Epic poetry and an enthusiastic love for the heroic legends of the past, he transferred his home to Samos, and there perfected himself in the use of the Ionic dialect, the most appropriate, vehicle for the History, which, at a very early time of his life, he had determined to compose. In the half century which preceded his birth, Prose Composition had begun its first essays in Greece; and the chroniclers (oyoypdfat), such as Cadmus, Dionysius, and Hecataeus of Miletus, Hellanicus of Lesbos, and Scylax of Caryanda, had written, in a simple, inartistic form, various annals of contemporary events, genealogies, and descriptions of places they had visited. The genius of Herodotus found a way of investing such annals and such descriptions with all the charm of poetry, and all the living interest of romance. It is for this reason that he has been styled the Father of History.
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