Dissensions between the Carthaginians and Masinissa, king of Numidia. AMONG the conditions of the peace granted to the Carthaginians, there was one which enacted, that they should restore toM asinissa all the territories and cities he possessed before the war ;and farther, Scipio, to reward the zeal and fidelity which that monarch had shewn towards the Romans, had added to his dominions those of Syphax. This present afterwards gave rise to disputes and quarrels between the Carthaginians and Numidians. These two princes, Syphax and Masinissa, were both kings inN umidia, but reigned over different nations. The subjects of Syphax were called Masassuli, and their capital was Cirtha. Those of Masinissa were theM assyli: but they are better known by the name of Numidians, which was common to them both. Their principal strength consisted in their cavalry. They always rode without saddles, and some even without bridles, whence Virgil calls them Numidte infrceni? In the beginning of the second Punic war,b Syphax siding with the Romans, Gala, the father of Masinissa, to check the career of so powerful a neighbour, thought aM u. 1. iv. ver. 41. hL iv. 1. xxiv. n. 48,49. VOL. II. (Typographical errors above are due to OCR software and don't occur in the book.)
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