|Publication Date||June 29, 2012|
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1845 edition. Excerpt: ...The first church had been destroyed in the previous century; and the Tyrians, who worshipped Melkart, or Hercules, their tutelar deity, had exerted themselves to disfigure the site by all sorts of uncleanness. Though it would have been easy to fix upon another situation, Bishop Paulinus, who had been instigated by the emperor Constantine, preferred to cleanse this spot, to display more forcibly the victory of the church. All his flock generally contributed to the works, with a holy emulation, and the edifice arose more spacious and magnificent than the former. It was built thus:--A wall encompassed the whole sacred spot; the entrance was by a large gate to the west, so lofty that it was seen at a distance, and naturally drew the attention of the Pagans, inviting them, as it were, to enter the church. At first you come into a great quadrangle, surrounded by four galleries, supported by columns, that is to say with a UtpmXov; between the columns was a trellis of wood, so that the galleries were protected from the gaze of the multitude. There those remained who were under a course of elementary instruction, according to the rules of the Catholic church, as then adopted. In the midst of the court were fountains, which supplied abundance of water, so that persons might wash themselves before they entered, which was to testify the spiritual purification. Having passed this open cloistered court, the west front of the church appeared to view, with three door-openings, the middle one of which was considerably higher and wider than the others. The middle, or folding door, was of brass, and the sculpture on it exquisite. By this principal gate was the entrance into the nave of the basilica, and by the others into the galleries, which were ranged on each...