Artaxerxes III Ochus and his reign; with...


Book Details

Author  Noah Calvin Hirschy
Publication Date   May 20, 2012
ISBN  1236345185
Pages  34

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1909 Excerpt: ...48-30. 3 Gesch. des Volhes Isr. II. 104. 7 xir. 98--ii. 48. « Op. tit. III. 6, n. » Op. tit. 23-25. Macedonia imperii subjecti Syriae regno fuere. A Demetrio cum descivissent, amicitia Romanorum petita, primi omnium ex orientalibus libertatem receperunt, facile tunc Romanis de alieno largientibus." There is no other evidence that Xerxes ever forced the Jews into subjection. It is very probable that we are to understand with Holscher1 that the original reading was Artaxerxes (III) instead of Xerxes. He thinks that the information is based on Timagenes who wrote during the latter half of the first century B. C. Taking all these evidences together we have the strong probability if not the absolute certainty that Jericho was devastated and that the Jews were deported to Hyrcania during the reign of Ochus, and, as shown before, within the year 353-352, as a punishment for their rebellion or at least for their refusal to submit to the Persian rule. This conclusion is strengthened by the fact that there was a large colony of Jews in Hyrcania numbering in the Roman time not only thousands but millions.2 Granted that many of these went there of their own choice and that many more were born there, the acceptance of these historic references explains the beginning of the colony, which is otherwise not explained in history. Finally, also, the frequent occurrence of the name Hyrcanus among the Jews3 points in the same direction, and to the time of Ochus rather than to a later period,4 since in the later period the name is already in common use. The second revolt of the Jews during the reign of Ochus, as Judeich,5 followed by Guthe,6 has clearly shown, came in connection with the third campaign against Egypt shortly after the destruction of Sidon, 348, and...

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