|Author||Hermann Vollrat Hilprecht|
|Publication Date||March 6, 2012|
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1896 Excerpt: ... No. 55, and p. 12, No. 145. »Cf. No. 99, 5. Cf. Revue d'Assyriologie II, p. 147, col. IlI, 6 and 7, col. V, 1, 8, 6. Cf. No. 87, col. I, 5, 40, 42, etc. The linear sign is composed of e (canal)-f gi (reed) and originally denotes a piece of land intersected by canals and covered with reeds (cf. No. 87. col. IlI, 29). The land par excellence with these two characteristic features was to the Babylonians their own country, which therefore was called by the oldest inhabitants Ki + e + gi--Kengi, "the land of canals and reeds." From this correct etymology of Kengi and its use in the earliest texts (bur bar Kengi, No. 87, col. II, 21, and Enshngsagana en Kengi, No. 90, 3) it follows that the name does not signify "low-lands" or " Tiefebene" in general in the ancient inscriptions, which alone have to decide its meaning (against Winckler in MiUeilungen des Akademisch-Orientalistischen Vereins zu Ber!in, 1887, p. 12), but that it is the geographical designation of a well-defined district, Babylonia proper. As, however, Babylonia and lowlands are equivalent ideas, Kengi could also be used in a wider sense for "low-lands" (miitu) in general. combination and served to express but one idea or object, were regularly contracted at this early time and became compound ideograms, e. g., kalamz " country," gishdin "wine," etc. (3) Lines of linear signs which run parallel to a separating line are often omitted, even if the sign is not directly connected with this latter. Cf. No. 1The peculiar way in which it is written in the oldest inscriptions of Tello, leaves no doubt as to its composition (gish-j-din). The analysis of this ideogram by Pinches (Sign List, No. 76 a = kash-f din), accepted by Delitzsch (Assyrisc...