|Author||Sir John Gardner Wilkinson|
|Publication Date||March 5, 2012|
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1842 Excerpt: ...Egyptian monuments, and have been supposed to read "the land Vide my Materia Hieroglyphica, plate 6. of the Pantheon, f Vide wood-cuts, Nos. 153, 154. No. 153. Emblems of the god Khem. No. 154. Hieroglyphical group, containing a tree and the sign of land, meaning "Egypt." Rotetta Slane. of trees," bear an evident relation to the deity, whose name Khem is so similar to the word Chemi, by which Egypt was known in Coptic, and in the ancient language of the country. In the form of the god of generation originated, no doubt, the Greek and Roman custom of placing their gardens under the protection of Priapust, though, instead of an abstract notion of the generative influence, they, as in many other instances, merely attached to it an idea according with the grossness of their imaginations. Panopolis was also called Chemmis, from the Egyptian name, which can still be traced in its modern appellation, E'Khmim. f Hor. i. S. 8. 1.:--"Olim truncus eram ficulnus, inutile lignum, Quum faber, incertus, scamnum faceretne Priapum, Maluit esse Deum. Dens inde ego, furum aviumque Maxima formido; nam fures dextra coercet." J It is remarkable that the Greeks and Romans continually took abstract and metaphysical notions literally, and that the Egyptians, on the other hand, converted the physical into metaphysical. It is reasonable to suppose that the Egyptians spent much time in the cool and shady retirement of their gardens, where, like the Romans, they entertained their friends during the summer season; and from the size of some of the kiosks, which occur in the paintings of the tombs, we may conclude they were rather intended for this purpose, than for the sole use of the master of the villa. That the gardens were originally laid out with a view...