|Publication Date||March 6, 2012|
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1885 Excerpt: ...the four masks it contained were found on the floor, near one wall of the chamber, and laid one within the other; the rings and nails were lying in an opposite corner. Such an arrangement was certainly not the work of treasure-seekers and tomb-breakers. Wherever these gentry went they left evident traces of the precipitation with which they carried out their work of pillage and 1 The Louvre possesses several of these masks, the fruit of M. PeVetie's excavations and of those of M. Renan. There are as many in the collection of M. Louis le Clercq, and for every specimen spared by the rust hundreds must have perished. M. Renan tells us that most of the sepulchres of Sidon are very damp (Mission, p. 867). 2 This is an ingenious and probable suggestion of M. Gaillardot's (Mission de Phenicie, p. 867). destruction. But if we suppose that after a few hundreds of years tombs belonging to extinct families were reopened for use a second time, the state in which this chamber was found is to be readily explained. The slow action of the centuries had reduced the cedar planks to dust; the ironwork had fallen to the ground, and FlG. 137.--Lion's mask-lironze. Ixmvre. Diameter 22 inches. the new visitors to the tomb collected it together with all that was left of the bodies of the first proprietors of the sepulchre. As they refrained from carrying off the bronze ornaments, we may suppose that they treated those remains with respect and gave them a new asylum before they prepared the chamber for the reception of its new occupant.1 We may guess that the evidence thus brought under their eyes of the comparative inability of cedar coffins to resist the climate of these hypogea, determined the Phoenicians to abandon their use and to return to stone sarcophagi, on which, however,...