|Author||William R. Wilde|
|Publication Date||March 6, 2012|
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1840 Excerpt: ...they run to twenty by six feet square. They are put together according to that order of Cyclopean architecture, where squared masses of stone were laid horizontally in courses, with intervals between each, the spaces being filled up with smaller stones, connected by strong cement. On the top of this is raised the present modern wall, as around the rest of the city. In some places this ancient work reaches up so far as to form one-half of the whole height, in others not above fifteen feet; much, however, of the foundation being concealed by the increased elevation of the surrounding 250 ANALOGOUS ARCHITECTURE. ground. This, it will be remembered, formed not only the outer enclosure of the temple, but of the city itself, which had here but one wall; the deep natural fosse of the valley beneath affording it a sufficient protection. Some architectural similarity to this enormous work is found in the Palasgian walls of Italy, as at Valterra, Lodi, and Cortona, and other cities of Etruria; but in no part of Greece have I met stones of such dimensions, not even in the Cyclopean walls of Tyrns, or the Pnix. All these latter are said to be the product of Phoenician workmanship, as well as those of Jerusalem, which we know were reared by,the Tyrians. These two different forms of architecture at the top and bottom are not without their parallel elsewhere; for in Pompeii the upper part of the wall points out a period much more modern than that at which the lower part was erected. This ancient work is continued round the southern corner, at the place where I have marked the site of the Horse-gate, and around Ophel to the modern Dung-gate, where it is the highest point of the city wall; nearly ninety feet high; and this part, it will be remembered, was raised up by Jotha...