How closely do the theoretical notions of "metaphor" and "allegory" developed by ancient rhetoricians reflect the practice of Classical writers? This question is tackled through eleven new papers by a team of distinguished academics. Ancient theories of metaphor are compared with twentieth-century alternatives; theory is tested against practice; and allegory--a distinctive though neglected feature of ancient literature and philosophy--is explored against the background of the rhetoricians' claim that it is one form of metaphor.
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