Illness and medicine in Roman Britain

Article

Jan van der Crabben
by Trustees of the British Museum
published on 05 August 2011

Although medical science was still in its infancy during Roman times, knowledge of medicinal plants was widespread and sick people may have been treated with herbal remedies by relatives and friends. Environment, diet, exercise and hygiene all had a part to play in a positive approach to health. Most towns had latrines, a sewage disposal system and baths, all of which helped to maintain a healthy society. However people also sought cures by visiting a healing shrine and appealing to gods with specific healing powers, like Aesculapius.

There was no formal system of training in medicine, and neither human anatomy nor the causes of disease were properly understood. Although some doctors were fraudulent, surviving medical texts reveal many positive features in Greco-Roman health care, particularly within the fields of dietetics (the study of food and health), pharmacology (the study of medicines) and surgery. A wide range of surgical instruments has been found in Britain, as have small stone stamps used to mark eye ointments. These instruments and the operations that were undertaken with them remained the best that were available until relatively recent historical times.

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Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Museum, T. O. T. B. (2011, August 05). Illness and medicine in Roman Britain. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/251/

Chicago Style

Museum, Trustees O. T. B. "Illness and medicine in Roman Britain." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified August 05, 2011. https://www.ancient.eu/article/251/.

MLA Style

Museum, Trustees O. T. B. "Illness and medicine in Roman Britain." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Aug 2011. Web. 17 Dec 2018.

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