Phoenician Names

Article

Jan van der Crabben
by
published on 18 January 2012

Phoenician names are generally composite words with a specific meaning. The naming of children had a significance in the Ancient Near East that is difficult to understand nowadays. By choosing a name for their child, the parents could not only celebrate their joy of having created life, but they believed that the naming of the child would greatly influence which divine being would benevolently influence the life of the child. Thus Phoenician names frequently were dedications to a specific deity, or wishes regarding which deity should guard over the child's life.

This becomes clear when examining some Phoenician names:

Abdhamon (servant of Hamon)
Abibaal (Baal is my father)
Abirami (god-father is elated)
Adonibaal (Baal is my lord)
Ahinadab (my god-brother was noble)
Ahirom (god-brother is elated)
Ahumm (brother of the sea)
Azmelqart (Melqart is powerful)
Baaliahon (so that Baal favors)
Baaliaton (Baal has given)
Barekbaal (Baal has blessed)
Batnoam (son of charm)
Bōdashtart (From the hand of Astarte)
Eshmounhilles (Eshmoun has saved)
Eshmouniaton (Eshmoun has given)
Hannibal (favored by Baaal)
Itthobaal (Baal is with him)
Melqart-shama' (Melqart has listened)
Paltibaal (my refuge is Baal)
Sikarbaal (Baal has remembered)
Ummashtart (Astarte is my mother)
Urumilki (Milki is my light)
Yada'milk (Milk has known)
Yehomilk (so that Milk makes life)

Common prefixes are "Abd-" (servant of, cf. Abdhamon), "Mithon-" (gift of), "Ben-" (son of), "Ger" (proselyte), and "Hanni-" (favored by, cf. Hanniba[a]l).

Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.

Bibliography

  • M. Gras, P. Rouillard, J. Teixidor. L'univers phénicien. (Hachette Littératures, 1995), 37-47.

About the Author

Jan van der Crabben
Jan is the Founder and CEO of Ancient History Encyclopedia, leading the non-profit company to best fulfil its mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. He holds an MA War Studies from King's College.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Crabben, J. V. D. (2012, January 18). Phoenician Names. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/120/

Chicago Style

Crabben, Jan V. D. "Phoenician Names." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 18, 2012. https://www.ancient.eu/article/120/.

MLA Style

Crabben, Jan V. D. "Phoenician Names." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 18 Jan 2012. Web. 19 Nov 2019.

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