Early Muslim Conquests (622-656 CE)
Islam arose as a religious and socio-political force in Arabia...
Ali & Aisha at the Battle of the Camel
A painting from manuscript of the "Rawdat al-safa" (Persian for...
Battle of Al-Qadisiyya
Depiction of the Battle of al-Qadisiyya (636 CE) from a manuscript...
Battle of Siffin
Illustration of the Battle of Siffin (657 CE), from a 14th-century...
Calligraphic Depiction of Ali as a Lion
Shiite calligraphy depicting Caliph Ali (r. 656-661 CE) as the...
Calligraphic Names of Rashidun Caliphs in Hagia Sophia
Four medals showing beautifully designed names of the first four...
Calligraphy of Abu Bakr
The vector version of the iconic calligraphy of the founder of...
Calligraphy of Ali's Name
A beautified calligraphic rendition of the name of Ali, the fourth...
Calligraphy of Khalid ibn al-Walid's name
Calligraphy of Muslim Arab general Khalid ibn al-Walid's (d. 642...
Calligraphy of Umar's name
A beautified calligraphic name of Umar ibn al-Khattab (r. 634-644...
Calligraphy of Uthman's Name
A beautified calligraphic name of Uthman ibn Affan (r. 644-656...
Expansion of Early Islamic Caliphates
This map shows the expansion of the Islamic Caliphates in the 7th...