Calcite disk of Enheduanna, daughter of Sargon of Kish, found at Ur. (From the British and University of Pennsylvania Museums'...
Enheduanna - Poet, Priestess, Empire Builder
Enheduanna (2285-2250 BCE) is the world’s first author and was the daughter (either literally or figuratively...
Eshmunazor II Sarcophagus
Sarcophagus of Eshmunazor II, king of Sidon. This sarcophagus is significant because it contains the longest known inscription...
Evolution of the Phoenician Alphabet
The Phoenician alphabet and its equivalents in four modern alphabets. From left to right: Latin, Greek, Phoenician, Hebrew...
Exhibition: A History of the World in 100 Objects
When I heard the British Museumâs exhibition A History of the World in 100 ObjectsÂ was coming to Canberra, Australia...
The Fertile Crescent is the region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape, from the Persian Gulf, through...
First Writers-The Sumerians: They Wrote On Clay
I am a professor of History and Humanities and a specialist in Sumer and Akkad. I purchased this book in preparation...
First Writing System
The first revolution in human communications occurred when the Sumerians developed a written language. In this they were...
Foundation Tablet of Ur-Nammu
The cuneiform inscriptions on this tablet mention the name of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur and founder of the Sumerian 3rd dynasty...
Fragment of Euclid's Elements
A fragment of the second book of the Elements of Euclid in Greek, discovered in 1897 at Oxyrhynchus, Egypt.