The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the forces of ancient Carthage and Rome between 264 BCE and...
Ramesses II at The Battle of Kadesh
In 1274 BCE, Ramesses II (The Great) of Egypt led his forces against the Hittite army, under King Muwatalli II, at The...
Reconstruction of the Rampart of the Circumvallation, Alesia
Reconstruction of the rampart of the circumvallation at Alesia (France). The rampart consisted of a terrace (agger) surmounted...
Reed Arrow Shafts
Reed arrow shafts, c. 80 cm long. 6th Dynasty, Asyut, Egypt. British Museum, London.
Reinventing Ancient Archery
Faster than Legolas! A historical technique much faster than what we have known. The Danish archer Lars Andersen...
Relief from the Column of Marcus Aurelius
From the Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina in Piazza Colonna, Rome. The column was erected in c. 180 CE and depicts...
Roman Army Structure
Infographic illustrating the structure of the Roman Army. Originally created as a video installation for the Vindolanda...
Roman artillery weapons were instrumental in the successes of the Roman army over centuries and were especially used...
Roman Artillery Attack
An image illustrating what a Roman artillery attack might have looked like. Centre is a ballista arrow-throwing device...
The ballista was a Roman artillery weapon which used torsion to propel bolts or stones over several hundred metres. They...