The Persian King Cyrus the Great conquered Lydia in 547 BCE, gaining access to the royal mint at the capital of Sardis. The lion and bull coinage continued in both gold and silver, but later, under King Darius (522-486 BCE), new types of coins were introduced. These were the gold "daric", named after Darius, and the silver "siglos". They the Persian... [continue reading]
These are some of the earliest coins in the World. Made from electrum, a naturally occurring mixture of gold and silver, they were issued in Lydia. Although irregular in size and shape, these early coins were produced according to a strict weight standard. They had a design on one side, and the other side was marked with certain punches. The lion's... [continue reading]
These coins are often attributed to the legendary wealthy King Croesus of Lydia, circa 560-547 BCE, but were probably produced both earlier or later. Similar in design to the earlier electrum coins, they show the forepart of a lion facing the forepart of a bull. Gold and silver coins were issued in several weights for different denominations... [continue reading]
by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
submitted on 14 October 2016
submitted on 14 October 2016
This coin, naming the ruler Commius, is probably the earliest evidence of writing in Britain. His name appears in its Celtic form, "COMMIOS". Later coins, such as those of his son Tincomarus, have inscriptions written in Latin. Gold coin of Commius from Southern England, circa 40-25 BCE. Found in a tumulus in about 1840 CE. T. G. Barnett Bequest. (The British Museum, London).
This coin offers the 1st evidence for the existence of a local king called "Anarevito". He is not know either from other coin finds or Roman historical accounts. Coin inscriptions often provide the only reference to the kings and rulers of pre-Roman Britain. Gold coin of Anarevito from Kent, England, circa 10 BCE to 20 CE. Purchased with support from the Art Fund. (The British Museum, London).
Before the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 CE, rulers in the south-east struck coins with Latin inscriptions. Verica is described as REX (king) and COOMI F (son of Commius). Gradually, names usually in Celtic, appeared on coins beyond the south-east. Silver coin of Verica from Southern England, circa 10-40 CE. Found at Wanborough, Surrey. Treasure Trove. (The British Museum, London).
The North African city of Carthage fought a series of wars against Syracuse in Sicily. Carthage issued Greek-style coins to pay their army. The inscription in Punic read "in the land (of Sicily)". Greek coin inscription usually name only the city of people who issued the coin. Silver coin Carthage, minted in Sicily, circa 400-300 BCE. From Sicily. (The British Museum, London).
The Parthian "King of Kings " Farhad (Phraates) IV, reigned 38-2 BCE,is shown wearing a royal headband (diadem). Divine symbols of the moon crescent and star, and an eagle holding a royal headband, indicate that the king is the rightful ruler who enjoys divine support. Silver tetradrachm coin minted in the Parthian Empire, Iran and modern-day Iraq... [continue reading]
This coin (obverse) shows "King of the Kings" Farhad (Phraates) IV, reigned 38-2 BCE, in the presence of a goddess holding a horn of plenty (cornucopia); reverse, not shown. On Parthian coins, goddesses often present the king with a variety of divine and royal symbols, including a plam frond or a royal headband. Silver tetradrachm coin minted... [continue reading]
Nero is seen aging and gaining weight in this series of coins issued up to his early death at thirty. The depictions of him appear to be true to life, and to modern eyes were not intended to flatter. This approach contrasts wit many other portraits of ancient rulers. Coins were often used by rulers to present idealized images of themselves in... [continue reading]