This pot (and its cap) was made of basalt and was probably used for votive purposes. There are cuneiform inscriptions on the upper side of the pot. Below the cuneiform inscriptions, there is a scene depicting a man pouring water on a tree, followed by a cattle. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. 3rd millennium BCE. Erbil Civilization Museum, Iraq.
The cuneiform inscriptions on this door socket mention the name of Shu-Sin, King of Ur. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. Neo-Sumerian period (Ur III), 2037-2029 BCE. Erbil Civilization Museum, Iraq.
This double-tubed unguentarium (a small container that probably held oil) was decorated with two spiral threads. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. 226-750 CE. The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
A newly discovered partially broken tablet V of the Epic of Gilgamesh: "the episode of the journey of Gilgamesh and Enkidu." According to Professor Farouk Al-Rawi (of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London), this tablets narrates how Gilgamesh and Enkidu enter the cedar forest and kill Humbaba. Professor Al-Rawi also said that... [continue reading]
This tablet contains a list of goods. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. Early dynastic period, 3rd millennium BCE. The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Bakr Awa is a mound southeast of the modern city of Sulaimaniya, near the city of Halabja, within the Sharazor plain, Iraqi Kurdistan. A German archaeological team headed by Professor Peter Miglus (of the University of Heidelberg) has been excavating the site since 2010 in cooperation with the Sulaimaniya Antiquities Directorate and the Sulaimaniya Museum... [continue reading]
This is a school tablet which displays mathematical texts. From modern Tell Harmal (ancient Shaduppum), near Baghdad, Iraq. Old-Babylonian period, 2nd millennium BCE. The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
This large plaque was made of baked straw-tempered clay, modeled in high relief. The figure of the curvaceous naked woman was originally painted red; note the trace of the red color on her left wrist. She wears the horned headdress characteristic of a Mesopotamian deity and holds a rod and ring of justice, also symbols of her divinity. Her long multi-colored... [continue reading]
This wall panel was part of large alabaster wall relief. The whole scene includes a central band of river, the Tigris or Euphrates, that separates two otherwise independent compositions in which the Assyrians attack on a small island and carry off booty. On another part of the relief, the Assyrian king in a chariot watches as prisoners are brought in, and... [continue reading]
This wall panel was part of a large alabaster wall relief. The Assyrian king in a chariot (who is noy shown) watches as prisoners are brought in, and heads and booty are piled-up in a palm grove. In Assyrian literature, beheaded bodies refer to the leaders of the enemy (king, prince, commander-in-chief, leader of insurgency), while solders and people would... [continue reading]