This clay plaque depicts a striding man who leads a large dog (domestic scene?). From Sippar (modern-day Tell Abu Hubba, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This giant statue was found at the temple of Ishtar, Sharrat-niphi, and guarded the entrance into this temple. The cuneiform inscriptions on the statue mention the name of Ashurnasirpal II as the temple's builder. This lion was one of a pair of lions which were found by Sir Henry Layard in 1850 CE; excavated by Iraqi archeologists in the year 2001 CE. From... [continue reading]
The inscription, unusually for a weight, is cut in reverse. It mentions that this stone weight was dedicated to the temple of Shamash, the sun god, at Sippar. It precisely gives the weight as 10 mina, 15 shekels, a little more than 5 kilograms. From Sippar (modern Tell Abu Habba, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Circa 1400-1200 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This fragment was part of a large terracotta plaque which depicts a bull in front of a tree. The cuneiform inscriptions on the bull's thigh mention that the plaque was dedicated by a man named Sin-Eriba to Gula, goddess of healing. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. 1100-900 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This is a close-up image of the upper part of a copper figurine of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur. The lower half of this foundation figurine is not shown but it was inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions which mention that the figurine is dedicated to Inanna (Ishtar) and records the restoration of her temple at Uruk. Ur-Nammu depicts himself as a temple builder and carries... [continue reading]
The cuneiform inscriptions on this tablet mention the name of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur and founder of the Sumerian 3rd dynasty of Ur. From the temple of Inanna at Uruk, southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Neo-Sumerian period, 2112-2095 BCE.
This carved stone face probably belonged to a head of a sphinx. The Assyrian king Sennacherib ordered several colossal statues to be made in his new palace. Such giant statues were thought to have a supra-natural protective power. From the south-west palace at Nineveh (modern Ninawa Governorate, Iraq), northern Mesopotamia. 700-695 BCE. (The British Museum).
The cuneiform inscriptions mention that Enannatum, king of Lagash, reminds the gods of his prolific temple building achievements in the city of Lagash. From Girsu (modern-day Tell Telloh, Dhi-Qar Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Early dynastic period (early dynastic III), circa 2400 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
In this gypsum wall relief, the Assyrian king Sargon II, who holds a long staff, greets a high official (who still holds a sword at his side), in very close proximity, almost touching him. This official is probably his son, Sennacherib, the crown prince. From the palace of Sargon II at the city of Khorsabad (ancient Dur-Sharrukin), northern Mesopotamia. Iraq. Neo-Assyrian... [continue reading]
This gypsum relief, which depicts an archer, was part of a larger wall relief that demonstrates the Assyrian army and Sargon II's attack on the city of Amqaruna (Biblical Ekron) in central Palestine, probably in 720 BCE. The archer holds a bow and arrows and wears a loin-cloth with fringe; obviously he is not an Assyrian soldier (an enemy?). From the palace... [continue reading]