A fragment of an alabster bas-relief which depicts an Elamite archer (in a war scene?). This is an enemy of Assyria. He is identified by his headband, hair style, and trimmed beard. The Elamites, in modern-day Western Iran, were conquered by the Assyrian army in 639 BCE. From Kuyunjik (modern-day Ninawa Governorate, Iraq). Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurbanipal... [continue reading]
A fragment of an alabaster bas-relief which depicts Assyrian cavalrymen (in a war scene?). From Kuyunjik (modern-day Ninawa Governorate, Iraq). Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurbanipal, 668-627 BCE. The Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
This skull was excavated from the cairn of Clachaig Falls on Arran in 1900 CE. With this skull, the skeletons of 14 men, women, and children were also discovered. The skull belonged to a young adult male; he was probably a farmer. Neolithic period, 4000-2500 BCE. The Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
This stone weight, which weighs 30 minas (about 15 kilograms) was found in the north-west palace at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Iraq. It had been deposited there as booty. Babylonian, reign of Eriba-Marduk, circa 770 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
In this clay tablet, Shamash-shum-ukin confirms a grant which was previously made by Ashur-nadin-shumi. The royal seal on this clay tablet is not an original impression, but a man-modelled copy. It depicts the Babylonia king fighting a oryx antelope. From Babylonia (modern-day Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. 670-650 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This monument depicts Shamash-shum-ukin as a basket bearer. He was the Assyrian king of Babylon from 668-648 BCE, and was the second son of Esarhaddon. Shamash-shum-ukin was killed after an unsuccessful rebellion against Ashurbanipal, his brother. The monument records his restoration work. The anterior part of the monument was deliberately damaged but the posterior... [continue reading]
The Assyrian king Ashurbanipal carries a large basket of earth on his head. From Borsippa (modern-day Birs Nimrud, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Neo-Assyrian period, circa 668-655 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This is the 6th Amarna letter. In this clay tablet, the Kassite king Burna-Buriash II (in Mesopotamia) corresponds with the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III, asking him to send more gold. Most of the Amarna letters were written in Akkadian cuneiform, rather than the ancient Egypt cuneiform. From modern-day Tell El-Amarna, Al-Minya Governorate, Egypt. Circa 1350 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
In this clay plaque, an affectionate couple is depicted (domestic scene?). The man and the woman are looking at and holding each other. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This clay plaque depicts the goddess Lama. Her hands are raised in meditation. People prayed to Lama for their personal protection. Lama always wears a long tiered-skirt. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).