This monument depicts Shamash-shum-ukin as a basket bearer. He was the Assyrian king of Babylon from 668-648 BCE, and was the second son of Esarhaddon. Shamash-shum-ukin was killed after an unsuccessful rebellion against Ashurbanipal, his brother. The monument records his restoration work. The anterior part of the monument was deliberately damaged but the posterior... [continue reading]
The Assyrian king Ashurbanipal carries a large basket of earth on his head. From Borsippa (modern-day Birs Nimrud, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Neo-Assyrian period, circa 668-655 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This is the 6th Amarna letter. In this clay tablet, the Kassite king Burna-Buriash II (in Mesopotamia) corresponds with the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III, asking him to send more gold. Most of the Amarna letters were written in Akkadian cuneiform, rather than the ancient Egypt cuneiform. From modern-day Tell El-Amarna, Al-Minya Governorate, Egypt. Circa 1350 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
In this clay plaque, an affectionate couple is depicted (domestic scene?). The man and the woman are looking at and holding each other. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This clay plaque depicts the goddess Lama. Her hands are raised in meditation. People prayed to Lama for their personal protection. Lama always wears a long tiered-skirt. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This clay plaque depicts a striding man who leads a large dog (domestic scene?). From Sippar (modern-day Tell Abu Hubba, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Old-Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This giant statue was found at the temple of Ishtar, Sharrat-niphi, and guarded the entrance into this temple. The cuneiform inscriptions on the statue mention the name of Ashurnasirpal II as the temple's builder. This lion was one of a pair of lions which were found by Sir Henry Layard in 1850 CE; excavated by Iraqi archeologists in the year 2001 CE. From... [continue reading]
The inscription, unusually for a weight, is cut in reverse. It mentions that this stone weight was dedicated to the temple of Shamash, the sun god, at Sippar. It precisely gives the weight as 10 mina, 15 shekels, a little more than 5 kilograms. From Sippar (modern Tell Abu Habba, Babel Governorate, Iraq), Mesopotamia. Circa 1400-1200 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This fragment was part of a large terracotta plaque which depicts a bull in front of a tree. The cuneiform inscriptions on the bull's thigh mention that the plaque was dedicated by a man named Sin-Eriba to Gula, goddess of healing. From Mesopotamia, Iraq. 1100-900 BCE. (The British Museum, London).
This is a close-up image of the upper part of a copper figurine of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur. The lower half of this foundation figurine is not shown but it was inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions which mention that the figurine is dedicated to Inanna (Ishtar) and records the restoration of her temple at Uruk. Ur-Nammu depicts himself as a temple builder and carries... [continue reading]