User: Grant

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published on 08 August 2011
After defeating Darius III at the battle of Issus in November 333 BC, Alexander marched his army (about 35,000-40,000 strong) into Phoenicia, where he received the capitulation of Byblus and Sidon. Tyrian envoys met with Alexander whilst he was on the march, declaring their intent to honour his wishes. Alexander's request was simple: he wished... [continue reading]
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published on 18 January 2012
After securing the eastern Mediterranean seaboard and Egypt, Alexander pushed east into Mesopotamia with the intention of bringing Darius to battle. After crossing the Euphrates River unopposed, he marched his army eastward along the foothills of the Armenian mountains before crossing the Tigris River. Once across the Tigris, Macedonian mounted... [continue reading]
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published on 28 April 2011
Gaugamela was the site of an epic battle fought in late summer, 331 BC, between the Macedonian and Greek army of Alexander the Great and the huge host of Darius III of Persia. The name translates as 'The Camels House'. Gaugamela was a village on the banks of the river Bumodus where the Persian host encamped while it awaited Alexander. Arbela (modern-day... [continue reading]
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published on 28 April 2011
The Gladius Hispaniensis, or Spanish sword, was a shortsword developed on the Iberian peninsula. It's superior strength and deadly effectiveness was noted by ancient contemporaries, and by 200 BC it was fast becoming the standard sword in Rome's legions. It was straight bladed, double-edged and tapered to an abrupt point. Despite being short... [continue reading]
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published on 28 April 2011
The Hypaspists ('shieldbearers') were the elite infantry force of Alexander the Great's army. It is widely believed that they utilised the traditional panoply and weapons of the Greek hoplite - thorax or linothorax, greaves, the dory (spear), and xiphos (shortsword). Their name is derived from the 'aspis', the hoplite shield they carried... [continue reading]