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  • 2143 BCE - 2124 BCE
    Gudea, ruler of Lagash mentions "Mada" as a land where grain is grown.
  • 836 BCE
    First Assyrian records of the Medes: Shalmaneser III receives tribute from the "Amadi".
  • 728 BCE - 675 BCE
    Deioces is ruler of the Medes.
  • 675 BCE - 653 BCE
    Phraortes is ruler of the Medes.
  • 653 BCE - 625 BCE
    Madius the Scythian is ruler of the Medes.
  • 625 BCE - 585 BCE
    Cyaxares is ruler of the Medes.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • 585 BCE - 549 BCE
    Astyages is ruler of the Medes.
  • 560 BCE
    The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
  • 553 BCE
    Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.

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2143 BCE - 2124 BCE: Gudea, ruler of Lagash mentions "Mada" as a land where grain is grown.
 
 
836 BCE: First Assyrian records of the Medes: Shalmaneser III receives tribute from the "Amadi".
 
728 BCE - 675 BCE: Deioces is ruler of the Medes.
 
675 BCE - 653 BCE: Phraortes is ruler of the Medes.
 
653 BCE - 625 BCE: Madius the Scythian is ruler of the Medes.
 
625 BCE - 585 BCE: Cyaxares is ruler of the Medes.
 
 
585 BCE: A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
 
585 BCE - 549 BCE: Astyages is ruler of the Medes.
 
 
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
 
553 BCE: Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2200 BCE 2000 BCE 1800 BCE 1600 BCE 1400 BCE 1200 BCE 1000 BCE 800 BCE

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