Lydia Timeline

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  • 1200 BCE
    Lydia arises as a Neo-Hittite kingdom.
  • 1185 BCE - 687 BCE
    Heraclid dynasty rules Lydia.
  • 687 BCE - 652 BCE
    King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
  • 687 BCE - 546 BCE
    Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
  • c. 625 BCE
    Lydia drives back the Cimmerians and conquers Phrygia.
  • 609 BCE - 560 BCE
    Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
  • c. 600 BCE
    Gordium becomes part of Lydia.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • 560 BCE - 547 BCE
    Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Croesus of Lydia first manufactures coins of solid gold.
  • 560 BCE
    The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
  • 560 BCE - 546 BCE
    Rule of King Croesus of Lydia who offered sacrifices to Ammon at Siwa.
  • 550 BCE - 430 BCE
    Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • 547 BCE - 546 BCE
  • c. 498 BCE
    Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).

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Legend:

1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE  
 
1200 BCE: Lydia arises as a Neo-Hittite kingdom.
 
1185 BCE - 687 BCE: Heraclid dynasty rules Lydia.
 
 
687 BCE - 652 BCE: King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
 
687 BCE - 546 BCE: Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
 
 
625 BCE: Lydia drives back the Cimmerians and conquers Phrygia.
 
 
609 BCE - 560 BCE: Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
 
600 BCE: Gordium becomes part of Lydia.
 
 
585 BCE: A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
 
560 BCE - 547 BCE: Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
 
 
560 BCE: Croesus of Lydia first manufactures coins of solid gold.
 
 
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
 
560 BCE - 546 BCE: Rule of King Croesus of Lydia who offered sacrifices to Ammon at Siwa.
 
 
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
 
547 BCE - 546 BCE: Cyrus II of Persia conquers Lydia.
 
 
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE

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