Europe Timeline

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  • prehistoric - 12000 BCE
    Cave art culture in Europe.
  • c. prehistoric
    Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
  • 5000 BCE
    Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
  • c. 5000 BCE
    Cultivation of peas in Europe.
  • 4300 BCE
    First megalithic tombs in Europe.
  • 3500 BCE
    Farming has spread across Europe.
  • 2800 BCE - 1900 BCE
    Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
  • 2300 BCE
    Bronze is used in the Aegean.
  • c. 2000 BCE
    Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
  • 2000 BCE - 1500 BCE
    Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
  • c. 1860 BCE
    The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
  • 1500 BCE
    Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
  • 1100 BCE
    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
  • 1100 BCE
    Hillforts in western Europe.
  • 1000 BCE
    Iron working in southern Europe.
  • c. 900 BCE
    Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
  • 750 BCE
    Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
  • 700 BCE
    Iron in wide use across Europe.
  • c. 513 BCE - c. 512 BCE
    Darius I of Persia Campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
  • c. 500 BCE - 450 BCE
    Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
  • 193 BCE
    The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
  • c. 60 BCE
    Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
  • 58 BCE
    Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
  • 300 CE - 700 CE
  • 562 CE
    Goths dispersed throughout Europe.

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prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric 14500 BCE 14000 BCE 13500 BCE 13000 BCE 12500 BCE 12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
prehistoric - 12000 BCE: Cave art culture in Europe.
 
prehistoric: Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
 
 
5000 BCE: Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
 
 
5000 BCE: Cultivation of peas in Europe.
 
 
4300 BCE: First megalithic tombs in Europe.
 
 
3500 BCE: Farming has spread across Europe.
 
2800 BCE - 1900 BCE: Bell beaker culture in western Europe.
 
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
 
2000 BCE: Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
 
2000 BCE - 1500 BCE: Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
 
 
1860 BCE: The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
 
1500 BCE: Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
 
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
 
 
1100 BCE: Hillforts in western Europe.
 
1000 BCE: Iron working in southern Europe.
 
900 BCE: Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Early Iron Age Hallstatt culture flourishes across Europe.
 
750 BCE: Emergence of Hallstatt Iron Age culture in Europe.
 
700 BCE: Iron in wide use across Europe.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia Campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
 
500 BCE - 450 BCE: Hallstatt kingdoms and chiefdoms suddenly collapse for reasons unclear.
 
193 BCE: The Boii are defeated by the Romans, suffering, according to Livy, 14,000 dead.
 
60 BCE: Boii in eastern Europe crushed by the Dacians.
 
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
 
300 CE - 700 CE: Migration Age in Europe.
 
 
562 CE: Goths dispersed throughout Europe.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric 14000 BCE 10000 BCE 6000 BCE 2000 BCE

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