Egypt Timeline

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
6000 BCE: Earliest Egyptian mastabas dug at Saqqara.
 
 
6000 BCE: Burial of the Dead in Egypt.
 
 
5500 BCE: Oldest faience workshop in Egypt founded at Abydos.
 
5200 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
 
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
 
 
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
 
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
 
3414 BCE - 3100 BCE: Xois founded as a city during the 1st Dynasty.
 
3200 BCE: Hieroglyphic script developed in Egypt.
 
 
3150 BCE - 2686 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
 
 
3118 BCE: Pharaoh Menes Conquers lower Egypt creating a unified state of Egypt.
 
3100 BCE - 2181 BCE: Xois inscribed on Palermo Stone as an ancient city during the 5th Dynasty.
 
3100 BCE: Reign of Menes, a.k.a. Narmer, first Pharaoh and Unificator of Lower and High Egypt.
 
3000 BCE: Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
 
2691 BCE - 2625 BCE: Estimated reign of power for Pharaoh Djoser.
 
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases.
 
2630 BCE: First pyramid is built at Saqqara, Egypt.
 
2600 BCE: The step pyramid is built by Pharaoh Zoser (Djoser).
 
2575 BCE - 2134 BCE: The Old Kingdom in Egypt.
 
 
2550 BCE - 2528 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
 
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
 
2250 BCE: Beer brewed in Egypt.
 
 
2181 BCE - 2055 BCE: 1st Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
2064 BCE - 1986 BCE: Twin Dynasty Wars in Egypt.
 
2055 BCE - 1650 BCE: The Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
 
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
 
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
 
 
1790 BCE - 1540 BCE: Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history.
 
 
1783 BCE: Avaris is built and set as capital of Hyksos.
 
 
1720 BCE: Egypt is conquered by the Hyksos.
 
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: 2nd Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Xois serves as capital of the 14th Dynasty.
 
1600 BCE - 1200 BCE: Ugarit has close ties with Egypt and Cyprus.
 
1550 BCE - 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom of Egypt.
 
1550 BCE - 1525 BCE: Reign of Ahmose I, Pharaoh of Egypt.
 
 
1550 BCE: Ahmoses I defeats and expels the Hyksos from Egypt and destroy their capital Avaris.
 
 
1550 BCE: Composition of The Book of the Dead in Egypt.
 
 
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
 
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
 
 
1479 BCE - 1425 BCE: Reign of Thutmose III in Egypt.
 
1479 BCE - 1458 BCE: Queen Hatshepsut rules Egypt.
 
1457 BCE: Battle of Megiddo: Thutmose III of Egypt defeats a coalition of Canaan, Kadesh, Mitanni, and Megiddo led by Durusha, king of Kadesh.
 
 
1450 BCE: Kadesh and Megiddo lead a Canaanite alliance against the Egyptian invasion by Thutmose III.
 
1398 BCE - 1338 BCE: Life of Tiye, Queen of Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III.
 
1390 BCE - 1352 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep III of Egypt.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Reign of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun's father, `Heretic King' of Egypt.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: The Amarna Period in Egypt.
 
1336 BCE - 1327 BCE: Reign of Tutankhamun in Egypt.
 
 
1334 BCE: Tutankhamun initiates religious reforms returning Egypt to traditional belief structure.
 
1327 BCE - 1323 BCE: Reign of Ay in Egypt.
 
1327 BCE - 1326 BCE: Ankhsenamun writes to Hittite King asking him to send a son to be her husband and King of Egypt.
 
1320 BCE: Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Horemheb, succeeds Ay as ruler of Egypt
 
1320 BCE - 1292 BCE: Reign of Horemheb in Egypt, Tutankhamun's name erased from record.
 
1303 BCE: Birth of Ramesses II of Egypt.
 
 
1295 BCE - 1294 BCE: The reign of Ramesses I in Egypt.
 
 
1295 BCE - 1188 BCE: The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
 
 
1294 BCE - 1279 BCE: The reign of Seti I in Egypt.
 
 
1279 BCE - 1212 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt.
 
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
 
 
1264 BCE - 1244 BCE: Probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
 
 
1258 BCE: First recorded peace treaty between Ramesses II of Egypt and Muwatalli II of the Hittites, after the battle of Kadesh.
 
 
1258 BCE: The Treaty of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty.
 
 
1244 BCE - 1224 BCE: Other probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
 
 
1212 BCE - 1202 BCE: Reign of Merneptah in Egypt.
 
 
1202 BCE - 1199 BCE: Reign of Amenmesse in Egypt.
 
 
1196 BCE - 1190 BCE: Reign of Siptah in Egypt.
 
 
1196 BCE - 1188 BCE: Reign of Queen Twosret in Egypt.
 
1186 BCE - 1155 BCE: Reign of Ramesses III, Pharaoh of Egypt.
 
1180 BCE: The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
 
1180 BCE - 1178 BCE: Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty fortifies Xois against the threat of the invading Sea Peoples.
 
1178 BCE: Rameses III defends Egypt from the Sea Peoples on the shores at Xois, defeating them completely.
 
 
1069 BCE - 653 BCE: Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
 
712 BCE - 671 BCE: Egypt is ruled by the Kushite dynasty.
 
 
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
 
 
671 BCE: Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt.
 
669 BCE: Esarhaddon dies en route to Egypt to fortify his rule there.
 
 
667 BCE - 665 BCE: Ashurbanipal wages war in Egypt to put down rebellions.
 
 
664 BCE: Psamtik I becomes Pharoah in Egypt.
 
 
653 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
 
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
 
 
570 BCE - 526 BCE: Rule of Pharah Amasis of Egypt, who built a shrine to Ammon at Siwa.
 
 
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
 
 
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
 
 
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
 
457 BCE - 454 BCE: Large expedition to Egypt, to aid rebels against Persian rule.
 
 
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
 
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
 
 
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Syria and turns toward Egypt.
 
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
 
 
331 BCE: Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
 
 
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
 
323 BCE - 282 BCE: Rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
 
 
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great.
 
 
305 BCE - 285 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, initiated of the Great Library.
 
305 BCE - 30 BCE: Rule of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
 
 
301 BCE - 195 BCE: Tyre, as all other Phoenician cities, belongs to the Ptolemies, rulers of hellenistic Egypt.
 
300 BCE: Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
 
 
285 BCE - 246 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, developement of Library at Alexandria.
 
285 BCE: King Ergamenes slaughters the priests of Amun at Napata, breaks with Egypt.
 
277 BCE - 276 BCE: 4,000 Celts are employed in Egypt under Ptolemy II.
 
 
259 BCE: Celts in Egypt fail to overthrow Ptolemy II and are starved to death on an island.
 
 
250 BCE: Torah is translated into Greek in Alexandria, Egypt.
 
247 BCE: The lighthouse at Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
 
 
217 BCE: 14,000 Celts serve under Ptolemy IV in his victory at Raphia over the Seleucid King Antiochos III.
 
 
203 BCE: The Seleucid king, Antiochus III Megas signs an alleged treaty with Philip V of Macedon to divide Egypt and its overseas possessions between them.
 
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
 
 
48 BCE - 44 BCE: Julius Caesar of Rome and Cleopatra VII of Egypt in unofficial alliance.
 
48 BCE: Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out.
 
48 BCE: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII.
 
47 BCE: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis.
 
44 BCE: Julius Caesar is killed; Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV return to Egypt, where Ptolemy is soon killed and Caesarion recognized as king; first of a series of bad harvests.
 
 
44 BCE - 30 BCE: Mark Antony of Rome allied with Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
 
32 BCE - 31 BCE: Battle of Actium: Octavian (the later Emperor Augustus) defeats Cleopatra of Egypt.
 
 
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt.
 
30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman empire.
 
 
30 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
 
 
1 CE: First non-stop voyages from Egypt to India.
 
 
30 CE - 476 CE: Egypt remains a province of the Roman Empire.
 
 
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
 
 
128 CE - 134 CE: Hadrian travels to Greece, Anatolia, Syria, Judea, Arabia, Egypt and goes back via Greece.
 
130 CE: Death of Antinous, Hadrian's favourite, in Egypt.
 
199 CE - 200 CE: Septimius Serverus' trip in Egypt.
 
 
232 CE: Emperor Maximinus Thrax commands a legion in Egypt.
 
370 CE: Hypatia is born, daughter of Theon, in Alexandria, Egypt.
 
 
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
 
 
628 CE: Byzantine Empire re-takes Alexandria, Egypt, from the Persians.
 
 
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Recommended for you

Timeline

There may be more timeline entries matching your criteria, but the limit of results has been reached. Making your query more precise might reveal more information.