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9000 BCE - 6000 BCE: Faiyum A Culture in Egypt.
6000 BCE: Earliest Egyptian mastabas dug at Saqqara.
6000 BCE - 3150 BCE: The Predynastic Period in Egypt.
6000 BCE: Burial of the Dead in Egypt.
6000 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
5500 BCE: Oldest faience workshop in Egypt founded at Abydos.
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
5000 BCE - 4000 BCE: Merimba Culture in Egypt.
4500 BCE - 4000 BCE: Badarian Culture in Egypt.
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
4000 BCE: El Omari, Ma'adi, and Tasian Cultures in Egypt.
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
4000 BCE - 3500 BCE: Amratian Culture (also known as Naqada I) in Egypt.
3500 BCE - 3200 BCE: Gerzean Culture (also known as Naqada II) in Egypt.
3414 BCE - 3100 BCE: Xois founded as a city during the 1st Dynasty.
3200 BCE - 3000 BCE: Probable dates for creation of Narmer Palette.
3200 BCE - 3150 BCE: Naqada III Period Culture in Ancient Egypt.
3200 BCE: Hieroglyphic script developed in Egypt.
3150 BCE - 2890 BCE: First Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.
3150 BCE - 2613 BCE: The Early Dynastic Period in Egypt; beginning of historic dynasties.
3150 BCE: King Menes unifies Egypt through conquest.
3150 BCE - 2613 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Kings.
3150 BCE - 3100 BCE: Reign of Menes, a.k.a. Narmer, first king who is thought to have unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
3100 BCE - 2181 BCE: Xois inscribed on Palermo Stone as an ancient city during the 5th Dynasty.
3100 BCE: Reign of King Hor-Aha in Egypt.
3050 BCE: Reign of King Djer in Egypt.
3000 BCE: Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
3000 BCE: Reign of King Djet in Egypt.
2990 BCE: Reign of Merneith, first female ruler of Egypt.
2990 BCE: Reign of Merneith, first female ruler in Egypt.
2990 BCE: Reign of King Den, son of Merneith, in Egypt.
2920 BCE - 2890 BCE: Reign of Qa'a, last pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt.
2890 BCE - 2670 BCE: Second Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.
2670 BCE - 2650 BCE: The Step Pyramid is built by Imhotep under reign of King Djoser.
2670 BCE - 2613 BCE: Third Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.
2670 BCE: Reign of King Djoser in Egypt, builder of the first pyramid.
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 100 diseases and 48 injuries.
2667 BCE - 2600 BCE: Attributed dates of Imhotep's medical and architectural achievements.
2650 BCE: Reign of King Sekhemket in Egypt, builder of the Buried Pyramid.
2640 BCE: Reign of the King Khaba in Egypt, builder of the Layer Pyramid.
2630 BCE - 2613 BCE: Reign of King Huni in Egypt, last ruler of the Third Dynasty, Early Dynastic Period.
2613 BCE - 2589 BCE: Reign of Sneferu, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2613 BCE - 2181 BCE: The Old Kingdom Period in Egypt.
2589 BCE - 2566 BCE: Reign of Khufu (Cheops), Pharaoh of Egypt. .
2566 BCE - 2558 BCE: Reign of Djedefra (Radjedef), Pharaoh of Egypt.
2560 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
2558 BCE - 2532 BCE: Reign of Khafre (Chephren), Pharaoh of Egypt.
2532 BCE - 2503 BCE: Reign of Menkaura (Mycerinus), Pharaoh of Egypt.
2503 BCE - 2498 BCE: Reign of Shepseskaf, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
2498 BCE - 2491 BCE: Reign of Userkaf, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2490 BCE - 2477 BCE: Reign of Sahure, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2477 BCE - 2467 BCE: Reign of Neferirkare, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2460 BCE - 2458 BCE: Reign of Raneferef, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2458 BCE - 2457 BCE: Reign of Shepseskare, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2445 BCE - 2422 BCE: Reign of Niuserre, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2422 BCE - 2414 BCE: Reign of Menkauhor, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2414 BCE - 2375 BCE: Reign of Djedkare, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2400 BCE - 2300 BCE: The Pyramid Texts written, the oldest religious literature in Egypt.
2375 BCE - 2345 BCE: Reign of Unas, Pharaoh of Egypt.
2250 BCE: Beer brewed in Egypt.
2181 BCE - 2040 BCE: The First Intermediate Period in Egypt.
2064 BCE - 1986 BCE: Twin Dynasty Wars in Egypt.
2055 BCE: Mentuhotep II conquers rival princes, unites Egypt with Thebes as capital.
2040 BCE - 1782 BCE: The Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
1783 BCE: Avaris is built and set as capital of Hyksos.
1782 BCE - 1570 BCE: The Second Intermediate Period in Egypt.
1720 BCE: Egypt is conquered by the Hyksos.
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Xois serves as capital of the 14th Dynasty.
1600 BCE: The Edwin Smith Papyrus, an Egyptian medical text, is written, supposedly as a copy of Imhotep's earlier work.
1600 BCE - 1200 BCE: Ugarit has close ties with Egypt and Cyprus.
1570 BCE - 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom in Egypt.
1570 BCE - 529 CE: Worship of the goddess Isis in Egypt.
1550 BCE - 1525 BCE: Reign of Ahmose I, Pharaoh of Egypt.
1550 BCE: Composition of The Book of the Dead in Egypt.
1550 BCE: Ahmoses I defeats and expels the Hyksos from Egypt and destroy their capital Avaris.
1525 BCE - 1504 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep I, pharaoh of Egypt.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Reign of Thutmose I, Pharaoh of Egypt.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
1492 BCE - 1479 BCE: Reign of Thutmose II, pharaoh of Egypt.
1479 BCE - 1425 BCE: Reign of Thutmose III in Egypt.
1479 BCE - 1458 BCE: Queen Hatshepsut rules Egypt.
1457 BCE: Battle of Megiddo: Thutmose III of Egypt defeats a coalition of Canaan, Kadesh, Mitanni, and Megiddo led by Durusha, king of Kadesh.
1450 BCE: Kadesh and Megiddo lead a Canaanite alliance against the Egyptian invasion by Thutmose III.
1427 BCE - 1400 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep II, pharaoh of Egypt.
1400 BCE - 1390 BCE: Reign of Thutmose IV, pharaoh of Egypt.
1398 BCE - 1338 BCE: Life of Tiye, Queen of Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III.
1390 BCE - 1352 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep III of Egypt.
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Reign of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun's father, `Heretic King' of Egypt.
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: The Amarna Period in Egypt.
1344 BCE: Akhenaten moves capital of Egypt from Thebes to Akhetaten, his custom-built city.
1336 BCE - 1327 BCE: Reign of Tutankhamun with Ankhsenamun as Queen.
1334 BCE: Tutankhamun initiates religious reforms returning Egypt to traditional belief structure.
1327 BCE - 1323 BCE: Reign of Ay, pharaoh of Egypt.
1327 BCE - 1326 BCE: Ankhsenamun writes to Hittite King asking him to send a son to be her husband and King of Egypt.
1327 BCE - 1323 BCE: Reign of Ay in Egypt.
1320 BCE: Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Horemheb, succeeds Ay as ruler of Egypt
1320 BCE - 1295 BCE: Reign of Horemheb in Egypt, Tutankhamun's name erased from record.
1303 BCE: Birth of Ramesses II of Egypt.
1295 BCE - 1294 BCE: The reign of Ramesses I in Egypt.
1295 BCE - 1188 BCE: The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
1294 BCE - 1279 BCE: The reign of Seti I in Egypt.
1279 BCE - 1212 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt.
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
1264 BCE - 1244 BCE: Probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
1258 BCE: First recorded peace treaty between Ramesses II of Egypt and Muwatalli II of the Hittites, after the battle of Kadesh.
1258 BCE: The Treaty of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty.
1244 BCE - 1224 BCE: Other probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
1212 BCE - 1202 BCE: Reign of Merneptah in Egypt.
1202 BCE - 1200 BCE: Reign of Amenmesse in Egypt.
1194 BCE - 1188 BCE: Reign of Siptah in Egypt.
1188 BCE - 1186 BCE: Reign of Queen Twosret in Egypt.
1186 BCE - 1184 BCE: Reign of Sethnakht, pharaoh of Egypt.
1184 BCE - 1153 BCE: Reign of Ramesses III, Pharaoh of Egypt.
1180 BCE - 1178 BCE: Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty fortifies Xois against the threat of the invading Sea Peoples.
1180 BCE: The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
1178 BCE: Rameses III defends Egypt from the Sea Peoples on the shores at Xois, defeating them completely.
1153 BCE - 1147 BCE: Reign of Ramesses IV, pharaoh of Egypt.
1069 BCE - 653 BCE: Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
712 BCE - 671 BCE: Egypt is ruled by the Kushite dynasty.
671 BCE: Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt.
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
667 BCE - 665 BCE: Ashurbanipal wages war in Egypt to put down rebellions.
664 BCE: Psamtik I becomes Pharoah in Egypt.
653 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
525 BCE: Imhotep is deified in Egypt.
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Syria and turns toward Egypt.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
331 BCE: Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
323 BCE - 282 BCE: Rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great.
305 BCE - 285 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, initiated of the Great Library.
305 BCE - 30 BCE: The Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
300 BCE: Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
285 BCE - 246 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, developement of Library at Alexandria.
277 BCE - 276 BCE: 4,000 Celts are employed in Egypt under Ptolemy II.
259 BCE: Celts in Egypt fail to overthrow Ptolemy II and are starved to death on an island.
247 BCE: The lighthouse at Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
217 BCE: 14,000 Celts serve under Ptolemy IV in his victory at Raphia over the Seleucid King Antiochos III.
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
47 BCE: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis.
32 BCE - 31 BCE: Battle of Actium: Octavian (the later Emperor Augustus) defeats Cleopatra of Egypt.
30 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman empire.
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt.
1 CE: First non-stop voyages from Egypt to India.
30 CE - 476 CE: Egypt remains a province of the Roman Empire.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
232 CE: Emperor Maximinus Thrax commands a legion in Egypt.
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.