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5000 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Indus Valley (or Harappan) Civilization.
5000 BCE - 1750 BCE: Sumerian civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates valley.
3300 BCE: Early Harappan Civilization of India practices burial of the dead.
3200 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
3000 BCE: Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia use gold in jewellery manufacture.
2800 BCE: Later Harappan Civilization turns to cremation over burial.
2700 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
2000 BCE: Pottery wheel introduced to Minoan civilization on Crete.
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
1900 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1750 BCE: Elamite invasion and Amorite migration ends the Sumerian civilization.
1500 BCE - 500 CE: The Gandhara Civilization flourishes in what is today the northern portion of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
1400 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
1400 BCE - 1100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
1200 BCE - 400 BCE: The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1200 BCE: San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
1200 BCE: Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods.
1200 BCE: The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1000 BCE - 338 BCE: Ancient Greek civilization in Greece and the Mediterranean.
900 BCE - 200 BCE: The Chavin civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
900 BCE - 800 BCE: Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
800 BCE: Beginning of the Etruscan civilization in Italy.
500 BCE: San Jose Mogote is the capital of the Zapotec civilization.
500 BCE - 900 CE: The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
400 BCE - 100 CE: The Pukará civilization flourishes north of Lake Titicaca.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
300 BCE - 400 BCE: La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
200 BCE - 600 CE: The Nazca civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
1 CE - 800 CE: The Moche civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
75 CE - 450 CE: The extent of Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
450 CE - 1000 CE: The Wari civilization flourishes and builds an empire across ancient Peru.
550 CE: Moche is abandoned as the capital of the Moche civilization.
600 CE - 1532 CE: The Wanka civilization flourishes in central Peru.
600 CE: Hokoham Civilization develops.
750 CE - 1375 CE: The Lambayeque Civilization flourishes in northern Peru.
900 CE: Mitla becomes the most important city of the Zapotec civilization.
900 CE - 1150 CE: The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1100 CE - 1470 CE: The Chimu civilization flourishes in northern coastal Peru.
1345 CE - 1521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1425 CE - 1532 CE: The Inca Empire flourishes in South America.