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5000 BCE - 1750 BCE: Sumerian civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates valley.
5000 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Indus Valley (or Harappan) Civilization.
3300 BCE: Early Harappan Civilization of India practices burial of the dead.
3200 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
3000 BCE: Sumer civilization in Mesopotamia use gold in jewellery manufacture.
2800 BCE: Later Harappan Civilization turns to cremation over burial.
2700 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
2000 BCE: Pottery wheel introduced to Minoan civilization on Crete.
1900 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1750 BCE: Elamite invasion and Amorite migration ends the Sumerian civilization.
1400 BCE - 1100 BCE: Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
1400 BCE: Rhodes has significant contact with the Mycenaean civilization.
1200 BCE: San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
1200 BCE - 400 BCE: The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1200 BCE: The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1200 BCE: Chavin civilization in Peru manufactures gold goods.
1000 BCE - 338 BCE: Ancient Greek civilization in Greece and the Mediterranean.
900 BCE - 800 BCE: Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
800 BCE: Beginning of the Etruscan civilization in Italy.
500 BCE - 900 CE: The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
500 BCE: San Jose Mogote is the capital of the Zapotec civilization.
400 BCE - 100 CE: The Pukará civilization flourishes north of Lake Titicaca.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
300 BCE - 400 BCE: La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
200 BCE - 600 CE: The Nazca civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
1 CE - 800 CE: The Moche civilization flourishes in ancient Peru.
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
550 CE: Moche is abandoned as the capital of the Moche civilization.
600 CE - 1532 CE: The Wanka civilization flourishes in central Peru.
900 CE - 1150 CE: The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1345 CE - 1521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1425 CE - 1532 CE: The Inca Empire flourishes in South America.