Buddhism Timeline

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  • c. 490 BCE - c. 410 BCE
    The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholar consensus.
  • 448 BCE - 368 BCE
    The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Short chronology (Indian chronology).
  • 404 BCE
    First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India.
  • 386 BCE
    Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Corrected Long Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
  • 334 BCE
    Second Buddhist Council at Magadha. The first division among Buddhists occurred at this council.
  • 268 BCE
    Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Short Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
  • c. 200 BCE - c. 600 CE
    Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
  • c. 100 BCE
    Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
  • c. 75 CE - c. 450 CE
    Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
  • 148 CE
    An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
  • c. 200 CE
    The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
  • c. 200 CE - c. 400 CE
    The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
  • c. 200 CE
    Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
  • 372 CE
    A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
  • 384 CE
    Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
  • c. 450 CE
    Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
  • 538 CE
    Buddhism is introduced to Japan from Korea.
  • 617 CE - 686 CE
    Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
  • 751 CE - 774 CE
    The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
  • 751 CE - 790 CE
    The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
  • c. 756 CE - c. 907 CE
    Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.
  • 771 CE
    The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Pandok-sa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
  • 1855 CE
    First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE 1800 CE  
 
490 BCE - 410 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholar consensus.
 
448 BCE - 368 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Short chronology (Indian chronology).
 
 
404 BCE: First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India.
 
386 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Corrected Long Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
 
 
334 BCE: Second Buddhist Council at Magadha. The first division among Buddhists occurred at this council.
 
268 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Short Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
 
 
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
 
 
100 BCE: Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
 
 
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
 
 
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
 
 
200 CE: The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
 
 
200 CE - 400 CE: The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
 
200 CE: Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
 
 
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
 
 
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
 
450 CE: Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
 
538 CE: Buddhism is introduced to Japan from Korea.
 
617 CE - 686 CE: Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
 
 
751 CE - 774 CE: The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
 
 
751 CE - 790 CE: The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
 
756 CE - 907 CE: Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.
 
 
771 CE: The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Pandok-sa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
 
1855 CE: First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500 BCE 100 BCE 300 CE 700 CE 1100 CE 1500 CE

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