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448 BCE - 368 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to the Short chronology (Indian chronology).
404 BCE: First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India.
386 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Corrected Long Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
334 BCE: Second Buddhist Council at Magadha. The first division among Buddhists occurred at this council.
268 BCE: Second Buddhist council held at Vaishali, according to the Short Chronology. Emergence of the Mahasanghika school.
200 BCE - 600 CE: Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
100 BCE: Buddhist sutras began to be written down in Pali.
75 CE - 450 CE: Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
200 CE: The Buddhist Lotus Sutra is written down in Pali language.
200 CE - 400 CE: The Buddhist Nirvana Sutra is written down in Pali language.
200 CE: Dhammapada is translated to Chinese and other Asian languages.
372 CE: A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
384 CE: Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
450 CE: Buddhist scholar Buddhaghosa writes his commentary on Dhammapada.
538 CE: Alternative date to 552 CE for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
552 CE: Traditional date for the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
573 CE - 622 CE: Prince Shotoku was the founder of Japanese Buddhism and of the Japanese nation. He is famous for his 17-article constitution, the first Buddhist constitution ever to be created.
593 CE: The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
596 CE: The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan.
607 CE: The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku.
617 CE - 686 CE: Life of the Korean Buddhist philosopher Wonhyo.
710 CE: The Buddhist Kofukuji temple is established at Nara, main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan.
751 CE - 790 CE: The Buddhist Bulguksa temple complex is built east of Gyeongju, Korea.
751 CE - 774 CE: The Buddhist cave temple at Seokguram (Sokkuram) east of Gyeongju, Korea is built.
752 CE: The Buddhist Todaiji temple is founded at Nara, Japan.
756 CE - 907 CE: Taoism loses popular support with the decline of the Tang Dynasty. Replaced by Confucianism and Buddhism.
767 CE - 822 CE: Life of Saicho, founder of Tendai Buddhism in Japan.
771 CE: The large bronze bell at the Buddhist shrine at Pandok-sa, Korea, also known as the Emille Bell, is cast.
774 CE - 835 CE: Life of the monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi), founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan.
774 CE - 835 CE: Kukai (Kobo Daishi), founder of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism.
793 CE - 864 CE: Life of Ennin, the Buddhist scholar-monk and abbot of Enryakuji, who brought many esoteric teachings from China to Japan.
796 CE: The Buddhist To-ji temple near Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan is founded.
804 CE: Kukai's initiation as 8th Patriarch of Esoteric Buddhism.
804 CE - 806 CE: Japanese monk Kukai (aka Kobo Daishi) visits China and discovers Shingon Buddhism.
819 CE: Kukai (Kobo Daishi) establishes a monastery and headquarters for Shingon Buddhism on Mount Koya in Japan.
838 CE - 847 CE: Japanese Tendai Buddhist monk Ennin studies esoteric Buddhism in China.
849 CE: Ennin leads the first imperial-sponsored esoteric ritual at Enryakuji, Japan.
874 CE: The Buddhist Daigoji temple is founded by Shobo at Heiankyo (Kyoto).
921 CE: The monk Kukai, founder of Shingon Buddhism in Japan, is given the posthumous title of Kobo Daishi.
1,164 CE: The Buddhist Sanjusangendo temple is founded at Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
1,855 CE: First Latin translation of the Dhammapada.